Psychology Wiki

Zwaardemaker smell system

34,201pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Add New Page Talk0

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)

The Zwaardemaker smell system was a method for classifying smells developed by the Dutch physiologist Hendrick Zwaardemaker which he published in 1895.

He identified nine primary odors:

  • Ethereal (like ether, beeswax)
  • Aromatic eg camphor or spice
  • Fragrant eg the smell of flowers
  • Ambrosiac eg amber or musk)
  • Alliaceous eg garlic or onion
  • Empyreumatic eg roasted coffee of tobacco smoke
  • Hiccine eg Sour milk or rancid food
  • Foul eg
  • Nauseous eg faeces or rotten eggs

See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit



Additional materialEdit



External linksEdit

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki