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{{BioPsy}}
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{{Infobox Anatomy |
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Name = wrist joint |
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Latin = articulatio radiocarpalis |
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GraySubject = 86 |
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GrayPage = 327 |
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Image = Human wrist.png |
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Caption = A human wrist. |
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Image2 = |
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Caption2 = |
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Precursor = |
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System = |
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Artery = |
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Vein = |
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Nerve = |
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Lymph = |
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MeshName = Wrist+joint |
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MeshNumber = A02.835.583.405.930 |
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DorlandsPre = a_64 |
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DorlandsSuf = 12161475 |
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}}
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In [[human anatomy]], the '''wrist''' is the flexible and narrower connection between the [[forearm]] and the [[hand|palm]]. The wrist is essentially a double row of small [[short bones]], called [[carpal]]s, intertwined to form a malleable hinge.
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The '''wrist-joint''' (''articulatio radiocarpea'') is a [[condyloid articulation]] allowing three degrees of freedom.
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==Structure of joint==
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The parts forming it are the lower end of the [[radius (bone)|radius]] and under surface of the [[articular disk]] above; and the [[scaphoid]], [[Lunate bone|lunate]], and [[triquetral]] bones below.
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The articular surface of the radius and the under surface of the [[articular disk]] form together a transversely elliptical concave surface, the receiving cavity.
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The superior articular surfaces of the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetrum form a smooth convex surface, the [[condyle]], which is received into the concavity.
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The bones of the wrist can be easily remembered by the Acronym SLTPTTCH - ''Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle''. These represent the bones in order of proximal row lateral to medial and then distal row lateral to medial: Scaphoid Lunate Triqetrium Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate.
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==Ligaments==<!-- This section is linked from [[Ligament]] -->
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The joint is surrounded by a capsule, strengthened by the following [[ligament]]s:
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* [[Palmar radiocarpal ligament]]
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* [[Dorsal radiocarpal ligament]]
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* [[Ulnar collateral ligament (wrist)]]
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* [[Radial collateral ligament (wrist)]]
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The [[synovial membrane]] lines the deep surfaces of the ligaments above described, extending from the margin of the lower end of the radius and articular disk above to the margins of the articular surfaces of the carpal bones below. It is loose and lax, and presents numerous folds, especially behind.
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== Movements ==
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The [[Anatomical terms of location#Relative motions|movements]] permitted in this joint are [[flexion]], [[extension]], [[Anatomical terms of location#Relative motions|abduction]], [[adduction]], and [[circumduction]]. They are studied with those of the [[carpus]], with which they are combined.
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==See also==
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* [[Distal radius fracture]]
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* [[Brunelli Procedure]], related to instability in the wrist
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==Additional images==
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<gallery>
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Image:RightHumanPosteriorDistalRadiusUlnaCarpals.jpg|Right Human Posterior Distal Radius, Ulna, Carpals
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Image:RightHumanAnteriorDistalRadiusUlnaCarpals.jpg|Right Human Anterior Distal Radius, Ulna, Carpals
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Image:Carpus.png|Carpus
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Image:Gray334.png|Ligaments of wrist. Anterior view
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Image:Gray335.png|Ligaments of wrist. Posterior view.
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</gallery>
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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==External links==
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* [http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/ortho/oj/1999/html/PICS/p27f2.gif Wrist ligaments at upenn.edu]
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* {{eMedicineDictionary|wrist}}
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* {{eMedicineDictionary|wrist+joint}}
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* {{KansasHandKinesiology|bone/wrist.html}}
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{{Joints of upper limbs}}
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{{human anatomical features}}
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[[Category:Joints (anatomy)]]
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[[Category:Wrist]]
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<!--
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[[ca:Canell]]
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[[cs:Zápěstí]]
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[[de:Handgelenk]]
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[[es:Muñeca (anatomía)]]
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[[eo:Pojno]]
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[[fr:Poignet]]
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[[hi:कलाई]]
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[[it:Polso]]
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[[he:שורש כף היד]]
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[[hu:Csukló]]
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[[nl:Pols (anatomie)]]
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[[new:नाडी]]
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[[simple:Wrist]]
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[[sk:Zápästie]]
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[[fi:Ranne]]
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[[sv:Handled]]
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[[te:మణికట్టు]]
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[[fiu-vro:Käejakk]]
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[[yi:ריסט]]
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-->

Latest revision as of 08:26, March 29, 2008

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wrist joint
A human wrist.
Latin articulatio radiocarpalis
Gray's subject #86 327
System
MeSH A02.835.583.405.930
[[Image:|190px|center|]]



In human anatomy, the wrist is the flexible and narrower connection between the forearm and the palm. The wrist is essentially a double row of small short bones, called carpals, intertwined to form a malleable hinge.

The wrist-joint (articulatio radiocarpea) is a condyloid articulation allowing three degrees of freedom.

Structure of jointEdit

The parts forming it are the lower end of the radius and under surface of the articular disk above; and the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetral bones below.

The articular surface of the radius and the under surface of the articular disk form together a transversely elliptical concave surface, the receiving cavity.

The superior articular surfaces of the scaphoid, lunate, and triquetrum form a smooth convex surface, the condyle, which is received into the concavity.

The bones of the wrist can be easily remembered by the Acronym SLTPTTCH - Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle. These represent the bones in order of proximal row lateral to medial and then distal row lateral to medial: Scaphoid Lunate Triqetrium Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate.


LigamentsEdit

The joint is surrounded by a capsule, strengthened by the following ligaments:

The synovial membrane lines the deep surfaces of the ligaments above described, extending from the margin of the lower end of the radius and articular disk above to the margins of the articular surfaces of the carpal bones below. It is loose and lax, and presents numerous folds, especially behind.


Movements Edit

The movements permitted in this joint are flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and circumduction. They are studied with those of the carpus, with which they are combined.

See alsoEdit

Additional imagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit


Human anatomical features
Human body features

HEAD: ForeheadEyeEarNoseMouthTongueTeethJawFaceCheekChin

NECK: ThroatAdam's apple

TORSO: ShouldersSpineChestBreastRibcageAbdomenBelly button

Sex organs (Penis/Scrotum/Testicle or Clitoris/Vagina/Ovary/Uterus) – HipAnusButtocks

LIMBS: ArmElbowForearmWristHandFinger (Thumb - Index finger - Middle finger - Ring finger - Little finger) – LegLapThighKneeCalfHeelAnkleFootToe (Hallux)

SKIN: Hair

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