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Wolfgang Köhler (January 21, 1887, Reval (now Tallinn), Estonia – June 11, 1967, New Hampshire) was a German Gestalt psychologist. In 1909 he received his PhD from the University of Berlin. He became an assistant at the Psychological Institute in Frankfurt, where he worked with Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka.
From 1913 to 1920 he worked at the Anthropoid Station at Tenerife in the Canary Islands. There he wrote his book Mentality of Apes.
In one of his experiments 1929 he presented test participants with two drawings, one with only curved lines and one with only straight lines and angles. The participants were asked to name one of the drawings "Maluma" and the other "Takete" - two nonsense words. An overwhelming majority named the curved one Maluma and the angular one Takete. The test was made with participants from different cultures, which suggests that the preference was a universal one.
|Wolfgang Köhler elected APA President|
- Kohler, W.(1920) Mentality of Apes
- Kohler, W.(1929) Gestalt Psychology
Köhler,W. (1959) Gestalt Psychology Today American Psychologist, 14, 727-734.Full text APA presidential addresss
- Comprehensive Gestalt psychology website of the international Society for Gestalt Theory and its Applications - GTA
- Short biography on Wertheimer et al.
- Wertheimer Biography at Swarthmore
- Memoir Wolfgang Köhler - Wolfgang Köhler Primate Research Center, Leipzig
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