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William Tuke (March 24, 1732 - 1822) was an English businessman and philanthropist.

Tuke was born at York. His name is connected with the humane treatment of the insane, for whose care he projected in 1792 The Retreat at York. This place became famous as an institution in which a bold attempt was made to manage people in mental distress without the excessive restraints then regarded as essential. The asylum was entirely under the management of the Religious Society of Friends. Its success led to more stringent legislation in the interests of the insane. The Retreat is still open today.

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  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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