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Wechsler Memory Scale

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The Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) is a neuropsychological test to assess verbal and nonverbal memory abilities in adults.

There have been a number of versions of the Wechsler Memory Scale.

  • Wechsler Memory Scale
  • Wechsler Memory Scale - Revised
  • Wechsler Memory Scale - 3rd Ed.

The comments here apply to the latest 3rd version.

Developed by David Wechsler the test assesses learning, memory, and working memory and is published by Harcourt Assessment


Description: The test provides subtest and composite scores that assess memory and attention functions using both auditory and visual stimuli. There are now eight Primary Indexes:

  • Auditory Immediate
  • Visual Immediate
  • Immediate Memory
  • Auditory Delayed
  • Visual Delayed
  • Auditory Reception Delayed
  • General Memory
  • Working Memory



When would I use this test?


What does the test measure? The WMS-III provides a comprehensive assessment of memory.

Which population is it intended for? The general adult population of 16-89 year old

Describe norms available: The norms were derived from a stratified sample of 1250 individuals aged 16-89 years drawn from the general population.


Type of test, (e.g., self report, computerised, etc):


Time taken to complete the test: The whole set of tests takes about an hour to administer.

Scoring procedures, (e.g., hand scored, software, etc):


Report formats available?


Validity The test has strong validity. Internal consistency reliability coefficients ranged from .70s to the .90s

Reliability


Reference for the original studies of this instrument:


References of studies that have used this instrument:


Memory
Types of memory
Articulatory suppression‎ | Auditory memory | Autobiographical memory | Collective memory | Early memories | Echoic Memory | Eidetic memory | Episodic memory | Episodic-like memory  | Explicit memory  |Exosomatic memory | False memory |Flashbulb memory | Iconic memory | Implicit memory | Institutional memory | Long term memory | Music-related memory | Procedural memory | Prospective memory | Repressed memory | Retrospective memory | Semantic memory | Sensory memory | Short term memory | Spatial memory | State-dependent memory | Tonal memory | Transactive memory | Transsaccadic memory | Verbal memory  | Visual memory  | Visuospatial memory  | Working memory  |
Aspects of memory
Childhood amnesia | Cryptomnesia |Cued recall | Eye-witness testimony | Memory and emotion | Forgetting |Forgetting curve | Free recall | Levels-of-processing effect | Memory consolidation |Memory decay | Memory distrust syndrome |Memory inhibition | Memory and smell | Memory for the future | Memory loss | Memory optimization | Memory trace | Mnemonic | Memory biases  | Modality effect | Tip of the tongue | Lethologica | Memory loss |Priming | Primacy effect | Reconstruction | Proactive interference | Prompting | Recency effect | Recall (learning) | Recognition (learning) | Reminiscence | Retention | Retroactive interference | Serial position effect | Serial recall | Source amnesia |
Memory theory
Atkinson-Shiffrin | Baddeley | CLARION | Decay theory | Dual-coding theory | Interference theory |Memory consolidation | Memory encoding | Memory-prediction framework | Forgetting | Recall | Recognition |
Mnemonics
Method of loci | Mnemonic room system | Mnemonic dominic system | Mnemonic learning | Mnemonic link system |Mnemonic major system | Mnemonic peg system | [[]] |[[]] |
Neuroanatomy of memory
Amygdala | Hippocampus | prefrontal cortex  | Neurobiology of working memory | Neurophysiology of memory | Rhinal cortex | Synapses |[[]] |
Neurochemistry of memory
Glutamatergic system  | of short term memory | [[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |[[]] |
Developmental aspects of memory
Prenatal memory | |Childhood memory | Memory and aging | [[]] | [[]] |
Memory in clinical settings
Alcohol amnestic disorder | Amnesia | Dissociative fugue | False memory syndrome | False memory | Hyperthymesia | Memory and aging | Memory disorders | Memory distrust syndrome  Repressed memory  Traumatic memory |
Retention measures
Benton | CAMPROMPT | Implicit memory testing | Indirect tests of memory | MAS | Memory tests for children | MERMER | Rey-15 | Rivermead | TOMM | Wechsler | WMT | WRAML2 |
Treating memory problems
CBT | EMDR | Psychotherapy | Recovered memory therapy |Reminiscence therapy | Memory clinic | Memory training | Rewind technique |
Prominant workers in memory|-
Baddeley | Broadbent |Ebbinghaus  | Kandel |McGaugh | Schacter  | Treisman | Tulving  |
Philosophy and historical views of memory
Aristotle | [[]] |[[]] |[[]] |[[]] | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |
Miscellaneous
Journals | Learning, Memory, and Cognition |Journal of Memory and Language |Memory |Memory and Cognition | [[]] | [[]] | [[]] |



[[Category:Neuropsychological assessment

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