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Breastfeeding infant

A breastfeeding infant

Weaning is the process of gradually introducing a mammal infant, either human or animal, to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother's milk.

The process takes place only in mammals, as only mammals produce milk. The infant is considered to be fully weaned once it is no longer Breastfeeding (or using bottled substitute). In general, once a mammal is weaned, it is lactose intolerant.

Weaning in humansEdit

Main article: Psychological aspects of breast feeding
Main article: Psychological aspects of weaning


Weaning in animalsEdit

See AlsoEdit


See alsoEdit

References & BibliographyEdit

Key textsEdit

BooksEdit

  • Fouts, H. N. (2004). Social Contexts of Weaning: The Importance of Cross-Cultural Studies. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.
  • Galef, B. G., Jr. (1992). Weaning from mother's milk to solid foods: The developmental psychobiology of self-selection of foods by rats. New York, NY: New York Academy of Sciences.
  • Rozin, P., & Pelchat, M. L. (1988). Memories of mammaries: Adaptations to weaning from milk. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

PapersEdit

  • Adriani, W., & Laviola, G. (2002). Spontaneous novelty seeking and amphetamine-induced conditioning and sensitization in adult mice: Evidence of dissociation as a function of age at weaning: Neuropsychopharmacology Vol 27(2) Aug 2002, 225-236.
  • Aguzzolli, M. (1984). Analysis of the observation of a child during the weaning process: PSICO Vol 9(2) Jul-Dec 1984, 134-141.
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  • Alvarenga, T. A. F., Andersen, M. L., Papale, L. A., Antunes, I. B., & Tufik, S. (2005). Influence of long-term food restriction on sleep pattern in male rats: Brain Research Vol 1057(1-2) Sep 2005, 49-56.
  • Anderson, A. S., Guthrie, C.-A., Alder, E. M., Forsyth, S., Howie, P. W., & Williams, F. L. R. (2001). Rattling the plate--Reasons and rationales for early weaning: Health Education Research Vol 16(4) Aug 2001, 471-479.
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  • Astic, L., & Royet, J. P. (1974). Sleep in the kangaroo-rat (Potorous apicalis): A study in the adult and the young, one month before final leaving of the pouch: Effects of weaning: Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Vol 37(5) Nov 1974, 483-489.
  • Avery, D. D., Moss, D. E., & Hendrick, S. A. (1976). Food deprivation at weaning and adult behavior elicited by hypothalamic stimulation in the rat: Behavioral Biology Vol 16(2) Feb 1976, 155-160.
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  • Bancroft, G. T., & Bowman, R. (1994). Temporal patterns in diet of nestling white-crowned pigeons: Implications for conservation of frugivorous columbids: Auk Vol 111(4) Oct 1994, 844-852.
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Additional materialEdit

BooksEdit

  • Feldon, J., Lehmann, J., Pryce, C., & Weiss, I. (2000). Rat latent inhibition and prepulse inhibition are sensitive to different manipulations of the social environment: A comprehensive study of the environmental approach to neurodevelpmental models of schizophrenia. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
  • Rosenblatt, J. S. (1974). Some features of early behavioural development in kittens. Oxford, England: U Toronto Press.

PapersEdit

DissertationsEdit

  • Al-Shagrawi, R. A. (1992). Effect of premature weaning on the regulation of cholesterol and lipoprotein metabolism in adult guinea pigs: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Altmann, J. (1979). The ecology of motherhood and early infancy: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Borton, L. (2000). Parenting choice or collapse of mutual recognition? an intersubjective analysis of extended breastfeeding. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • de Santis, J. L. (1979). Development of social behavior in the common spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) under varied conditions of environmental manipulations and object contact: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Doane, H. M. (1979). Weaning in Acomys cahirinus (spiny mice): The changing relationships between parents and offspring: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Gerrish, C. J. (1995). Thermal and behavioral determinants of weaning onset in norway rats. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Greenberg, D. (1984). Early separation and the development of impaired thermoregulation in rats: A risk factor in gastric ulcer susceptibility: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Honey, P. L. (2004). Social induction of ethanol consumption in adolescent rats, Rattus Norvegicus. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Huck, U. W. (1979). The effects of cross-fostering on the behavior of two species of North American lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus and Lemmus trimucronatus): Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Janke, J. R. (1991). Prediction of breastfeeding attrition: A test of the theory of planned behavior: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Jones, H. W. (2002). Weaning and postpartum psychiatric disorders: How women with a postpartum psychiatric disorder experience the process of weaning their infants from breastfeeding. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • McCall, C. A. (1983). Behavioral and physiological characterization of weaning stress in foals: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Melcer, T. (1988). Recognition of food by food-naive, weanling rats: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Nettleton, N. (1979). Effects of immature thermoregulation and behavioral dynamics on the survival of early-weaned rats: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Nicolson, N. A. (1982). Weaning and the development of independence in olive baboons: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Rabchenuk Dwyer, S. A. (1998). Serotonergic effects on feeding and suckling during weaning in rat pups. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering.
  • Thiels, E. (1988). Weaning in the Norway rat: Decline of suckling and its relation to the onset of independent ingestion: Dissertation Abstracts International.
  • Wilson, M. A. (1981). Management factors associated with reproductive performance in two-year-old range heifers: Dissertation Abstracts International.




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