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Volunteer military personnel are volunteer personnel who enter military service. In an army without conscription such volunteers are the main source of military recruitment.

A military volunteer is a person who enlists in military service by free will, and is not a mercenary or a foreign legionaire. Volunteers often enlist to fight in the armed forces of a foreign country.

Many armies, including the U.S. Army, formerly distinguished between "volunteers" enlisted during a war, and "regulars" who served on long-term basis. Troops raised as state militia were always "volunteers" (even when recruited by conscription), while "U.S." troops could be volunteers or regulars. The rank of an officer in a volunteer unit was separate from his rank (if any) as a regular, and usually higher. When the volunteer forces were disbanded at the end of the war, officers with both kinds of commission reverted to their "regular" rank.



See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  • Sarnecky, M. T. (1989). A history of volunteerism and patriotism in the Army Nurse Corps: Military Medicine Vol 154(7) Jul 1989, 358-364.
  • Segal, D. R., Burns, T. J., Falk, W. W., Silver, M. P., & Sharda, B. D. (1998). The all-volunteer force in the 1970s: Social Science Quarterly Vol 79(2) Jun 1998, 390-411.
  • Singer, M. S., & Coffin, T. K. (1996). Cognitive and volitional determinants of job attitudes in a voluntary organization: Journal of Social Behavior & Personality Vol 11(2) Jun 1996, 313-328.
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  • Wyatt, T. C. (1983). A contextual analysis of organizational commitment in the U.S. Army Reserves: Dissertation Abstracts International.

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