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The term visual field is sometimes used as a synonym to field of view, though they do not designate the same thing. The visual field is the "spatial array of visual sensations available to observation in introspectionist psychological experiments" (J. Smythies [1]), while field of view "refers to the physical objects and light sources in the external world that impinge the retina". In other words, field of view is everything that (at a given time) causes light to fall onto the retina. This input is processed by the visual system, which computes the visual field as the output.

The term is often used in ophthalmology, where a visual field test is used to determine whether the visual field is affected by diseases that cause local scotoma or a more extensive loss of vision.

Visual field loss

Visual field loss may occur due to disease or disorders of the eye, optic nerve, or brain. In humans, confrontational testing and other forms of perimetry are used to detect and measure visual field loss. Different neurological difficulties cause characteristic forms of visual disturbances, including hemianopsias (shown below without macular sparing), quadrantanopsia, and others.

Fullvf

Paris as seen with full visual fields


Bitempvf

Paris as seen with bitemporal hemianopsia


Binasalvf

Paris as seen with binasal hemianopsia


Lhvf

Paris as seen with left homonymous hemianopsia


Rhvf

Paris as seen with right homonymous hemianopsia


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