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Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard or Degar. The largest ethnic groups are: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Tai Ethnic 1.7%, Mường 1.5%, Khmer Krom (Khơ Me Crộm) 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nùng 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census). The Vietnamese word for ethnic group is người (literally "people").

Alphabetical listEdit

  1. Kinh (also called Viet, the largest ethnic group in Vietnam)
  2. Ba Na (Bahnar)
  3. Bố Y (Buyei)
  4. Brâu
  5. Bru-Vân Kiều
  6. Chăm - Descendants of the Champa kingdom in southern Vietnam
  7. Chơ Ro
  8. Chu Ru (Chru)
  9. Chứt - related to Vietnamese, only 2000-4000 people
  10. Co
  11. Cờ Ho
  12. Cờ Lao (Gelao)
  13. Cơ Tu
  14. Cống (Cong)
  15. Dao - Yao people, also known as Mien, many speak Iu Mien language, distant relatives of Hmong
  16. Ê Đê (Rhade)
  17. Gia Rai (Jarai, J'rai)
  18. Giáy
  19. Giẻ Triêng
  20. Hà Nhì (Hani)
  21. H'Mông (Hmong, Hơ-mông, Mong; formerly known as Mèo) - Also known as Miao in China
  22. Hoa (Chinese)
  23. Hrê (H're)
  24. Kháng
  25. Khmer Krom (Khmer, Khơ Me Crộm)
  26. Khơ Mú (Khmu)
  27. La Chí
  28. La Ha
  29. La Hủ
  30. Lao - People from Laos
  31. Lô Lô (Lo Lo, Yi)
  32. Lự
  33. Mạ
  34. Mảng
  35. M'Nông
  36. Mường - Closest to Kinh Vietnamese, the other main part of the Viet-Muong branch of the Vietic sub-family
  37. Ngái (Chinese, separately classified from Hoa)
  38. Nùng
  39. Ơ Đu
  40. Pà Thẻn
  41. Phù Lá
  42. Pu Péo
  43. Ra Glai (Raglai)
  44. Rơ Măm
  45. Sán Chay (San Chay, Cao Lan)
  46. Sán Dìu (San Diu, Chinese, separately classified from Hoa)
  47. Si La
  48. Tà Ôi (Ta Oi)
  49. Tày (Tay) - The largest minority in Vietnam
  50. Thái (Thai)
  51. Thổ (Tho) - Related to Kinh Vietnamese
  52. Xinh Mun (Xinh-mun)
  53. Xơ Đăng (Sedang, Xo Dang)
  54. Xtiêng (Stieng)

Listed by language groupEdit

  1. Mon-Khmer - Kinh (Viet), Ba Na (Bahnar), Brâu, Bru-Vân Kiều, Chơ Ro, Chứt, Co, Cờ Ho, Cơ Tu, Giẻ Triêng, Hrê (H're), Kháng, Khmer Krom (Khmer, Khơ Me Crộm), Khơ Mú (Khmu), Mạ, Mảng, M'Nông, Mường, Ơ Đu, Rơ Măm, Tà Ôi (Ta Oi), Thổ (Tho), Xinh Mun (Xinh-mun), Xơ Đăng (Sedang, Xo Dang), and Xtiêng (Stieng).
  2. Tay-Thai - Bố Y (Buyei), Giáy, Lao, Lự, Nùng, Sán Chay (San Chay, Cao Lan), Tày (Tay), and Thái (Thai)
  3. Tibeto-Burman - Cống (Cong), Hà Nhì (Hani), La Hủ, Lô Lô (Lo Lo, Yi), Phù Lá, and Si La
  4. Malayo-Polynesian - Chăm, Chu Ru (Chru), Ê Đê (Rhade), Gia Rai (Jarai, J'rai), and Ra Glai (Raglai)
  5. Kadai - Cờ Lao (Gelao), La Chí, La Ha, and Pu Péo
  6. Mong-Dao - Dao (Yao), H'Mông (Hmong, Hơ-mông, Mong; formerly known as Mèo), and Pà Thẻn
  7. Han - Hoa (Chinese), Ngái, and Sán Dìu (San Diu)

Listed by population (as of the 1999 census)Edit

  1. Kinh (also called Viet, the largest ethnic group in Vietnam) 86.2%
  2. Tày (Tay) - The largest minority in Vietnam 1.9%
  3. Thái (Thai) 1.7%
  4. Mường - Closest to Kinh Vietnamese, other half of Viet-Muong language family 1.5%
  5. Khmer Krom (Khmer, Khơ Me Crộm) 1.4%
  6. Hoa (Chinese) 1.1%
  7. Nùng 1.1%
  8. H'Mông (Hmong, Hơ-mông, Mong; formerly known as Mèo) - Also known as Miao in China 1%
  9. Dao - Yao people, also known as Mien, many speak Iu Mien language, distant relatives of Hmong
  10. Gia Rai (Jarai, J'rai)
  11. Ê Đê (Rhade)
  12. Ba Na (Bahnar)
  13. Sán Chay (San Chay, Cao Lan)
  14. Chăm - Descendants of the Champa kingdom in southern Vietnam
  15. Xơ Đăng (Sedang, Xo Dang)
  16. Sán Dìu (San Diu)
  17. Hrê (H're)
  18. Cờ Ho
  19. Ra Glai (Raglai)
  20. M'Nông
  21. Thổ (Tho) - Related to Kinh Vietnamese
  22. Xtiêng (Stieng)
  23. Khơ Mú (Khmu)
  24. Bru-Vân Kiều
  25. Giáy
  26. Cơ Tu
  27. Giẻ Triêng
  28. Tà Ôi (Ta Oi)
  29. Mạ
  30. Co
  31. Chơ Ro
  32. Hà Nhì (Hani)
  33. Xinh Mun (Xinh-mun)
  34. Chu Ru (Chru)
  35. Lao - People from Laos
  36. La Chí
  37. Phù Lá
  38. La Hủ
  39. Kháng
  40. Lự
  41. Pà Thẻn
  42. Lô Lô (Lo Lo, Yi)
  43. Chứt - related to Vietnamese, only 2000-4000 people
  44. Mảng
  45. Cờ Lao (Gelao)
  46. Bố Y (Buyei)
  47. La Ha
  48. Cống (Cong)
  49. Ngái
  50. Si La
  51. Pu Péo
  52. Brâu
  53. Rơ Măm
  54. Ơ Đu

Ethnic groups not included in official listEdit

  1. Nguồn - possibly Mường group, officially classified as a Việt (Kinh) group by the government, Nguồn themselves identify with Việt ethnicity; their language is a member of the Viet-Muong branch of the Vietic sub-family
  2. People of European, North American, Australian, and Asian (non-Vietnamese) origin. Many people of these origins are temporary residents in Vietnam as expatriate workers and some are permanently settled there, some through marriage.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit

Template:Ethnic groups in Vietnam Template:Asia topic


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