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A video tape recorder (VTR), is a tape recorder that can record video material. The video cassette recorder (VCR), where the videotape is enclosed in a user-friendly videocassette shell, is the most familiar type of VTR known to consumers. Professionals may use other types of video tapes and recorders.
Video tape recorder technologies include:
- VERA (BBC)
- 2" Quadruplex (Ampex,(RCA and (Bosch's Fernseh)
- 1" Type A (Ampex)
- 1" Type B (Bosch's Fernseh - BTS Philips)
- IVC 2 inch Helical scan (International Video Corporation's IVC 9000 Format)
- 1" Type C (Sony, Ampex, NEC and Hitachi)
Professional cassette / cartridge based systems
A Betamax video tape by BASF.
- D1 (Sony) and Broadcast Television Systems Inc.
- D2 (Sony and Ampex)
- D3 (Panasonic)
- DCT (Ampex)
- Digital Betacam (Sony)
- Betacam IMX (Sony)
- DVCAM (Sony)
- DVCPRO (Panasonic)
- D9 (Digital-S) (JVC)
- HDCAM (Sony)
- HDCAM-SR (Sony)
- D5 HD (Panasonic)
- D6 HDTV VTR (BTS - Philips - Thomson SA - Grass Valley (company))
- DVCPROHD (Panasonic)
- D-VHS (JVC and Panasonic)
- HDV (Sony and JVC)
- DV (miniDV is the cassette size)
- Digital8 (Sony)
- Video 2000 (Philips)
- S-VHS (JVC)
- VHS-C (JVC)
History of video tape recording Edit
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