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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)
|solute carrier family 18 (vesicular monoamine), member 2|
A study by the National Cancer Institute on over 200 subjects (including twins), has identified the VMAT2 gene to correlate to spirituality and religion. It was led by the geneticist Dean Hamer.
Impairment and dysfunctionEdit
Cocaine users display a marked reduction in VMAT2 immunoreactivity. Suffers of cocaine-induced mood disorders displayed a significant loss of VMAT2 immunoreactivity, this might reflect damage to striatal dopamine fibers. These neuronal changes could play a role in causing disordered mood and motivational processes in more severely addicted users.
Binding sites and ligandsEdit
Role in mental heathEdit
- ↑ Day, Elizabeth 'God gene' discovered by scientist behind gay DNA theory. Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. URL accessed on 2007-04-08.
- ↑ Kluger, Jeffrey, Jeff Chu, Broward Liston, Maggie Sieger, Daniel Williams Is God in our genes?. TIME. Time Inc.. URL accessed on 2007-04-08.
- ↑ Little, Karley Y., David M. Krolewski, Lian Zhang, Bader J. Cassin (2003-01-01). Loss of striatal vesicular monoamine transporter protein (VMAT2) in human cocaine users. American journal of psychiatry 160: pp. 47-55. 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.1.47.
Membrane proteins, carrier proteins: membrane transport proteins
1A1-7, 1A3, 2A1, 2A2, 2A3, 2A4, 3A1, 3A2, 4A1, 5A1-2, 5A5, 6A2, 6A3, 6A4, 7A5, 7A9, 8A1-3, 9A3, 11A2, 12A1-2, 12A3, 17A6-8, 18A1, 18A2, 18A3, 19A2, 19A3, 22A5, 24A1-2, 24A5, 25A4-6, 25A13, 25A15, 25A20, 26A2, 26A4, 34A1, 39A4, 40A1
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