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Underprivileged area score

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The Underprivileged Area Score or Jarman index is an indicy to measure socio-economic variation across small geographical areas. The score is an outcome of the need identified in the Acheson Committee Report (into General Practitioner (GP) services in the UK), to create an indicy to identify 'underprivileged areas' where there were high numbers of patients and hence pressure on General Practitioner services.

Its creation involved the random distribution of a questionnaire among general practitioners throughout the UK. This was then used to obtain statistical weights for a calculation of a composite index of underprilieged areas based on GPs' perceptions of workload and patient need (Jarman, 1984)


  • Elliott P, Cuzick J, English D, Stern R. (2001) Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology. Methods for Small-Area Studies. Oxford University Press. New York,
  • Jarman, B. (1983) Identification of underprivileged areas. British Medical Journal 1705 - 1709

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