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In experimental psychology, the tunnel effect occurs where two lights set apart and appearing sequentially appear to move through an intoduced screen, placed between and in front of them,, as though they had gone through a tunnel. It is the perception of a single object moving beyond an occluding object and then reappearing after a suitable amount of time on the other side of it. The effect continues if the screen is removed. Interestingly if the observer is unaware of the screen the illusion does not occur
The phenomenon has been studied by Burke (1952), who discovered that the optimal amount of time for giving the impression of a single object is shorter than what is actually needed to cross the occlusion at that speed.
- G. Bruno Vicario and Y. Kiritani, Slow-Motion Tunnel Effect: an Enquiry into Vertical Organization of Perceptual Events
- Burke, L. (1952). "On the tunnel effect" (Abstract). The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Vol. 4. Issue 3. pp. 121-138.
- Eysenck, H.J , Arnold, W & Meili, R(1972). Encylopedia of Psychology. Herder KG:Germany