Wikia

Psychology Wiki

Forced choice (testing method)

Talk0
34,135pages on
this wiki

Redirected from True false tests

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Statistics: Scientific method · Research methods · Experimental design · Undergraduate statistics courses · Statistical tests · Game theory · Decision theory


Ipsative (pronounced /ˈɪpsətɪv/) literally means "of the self" (Latin derivation), and is used in psychology as in the phrase "ipsative measure" to indicate a specific type of measure in which respondents compare two or more desirable options and pick the one which is most preferred (sometimes called a "'forced choice"' scale). This is contrasted with measures that use Likert-type scales, in which respondents choose the score (e.g. 1 to 5) which best represents the degree to which they agree with a given statement (see also Norm-referenced test). "Ipsative Comparisons" are also sometimes used in standardized testing to compare significant differences in subtest scores.

There re a number of variations of this methodology:-

PsychologyEdit

While mean scores from Likert-type scales can be compared across individuals, scores from an ipsative measure cannot. To explain, if an individual was equally Extroverted and Conscientious and was assessed on a Likert-type scale, each trait would be evaluated singularly, i.e. a respondent would see the item "I enjoy parties." and agree or disagree with it to whatever degree reflected their preferences.

If the same traits were evaluated on an ipsative measure, respondents would be forced to choose between the two, i.e. a respondent would see the item "Which of these do you agree with more strongly? a) I like parties. b) I keep my workspace neat and tidy." Ipsative measures may be more useful for evaluating traits within an individual, whereas Likert-type scales are more useful for evaluating traits across individuals.[1] Additionally, ipsative measures may be useful in identifying faking.[2]

EducationEdit

In education, ipsative assessment is the practice of assessing present performance against the prior performance of the person being assessed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Baron, Helen (1996). Strengths and Limitations of Ipsative Measurement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 69: 49–56.
  2. Reducing faking in tests. Changing Minds. URL accessed on 2007-11-30.

Further readingEdit

  • Blinkhorn,S , Johnson, C and Wood, R. (1988). "Spuriouser and spuriouser:The use of ipsative personality tests." Journal of Occupational Psychology,61,153-162.

&nbsp

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki