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(The Seven Forms of Love)
m (Reverted edits by 209.184.165.20 (talk | block) to last version by Dr Joe Kiff)
 
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{{SocPsy}}
 
{{SocPsy}}
The '''triangular theory of love''' characterizes [[love]] in an [[interpersonal relationship]] on three different scales: [[emotional intimacy|intimacy]], [[passion (emotion)|passion]], and [[commitment]]. Different stages and types of love can be explained as different combinations of these three elements; for example, the relative emphasis of each component changes over time as an adult romantic relationship develops. According to the author of the theory, [[psychologist]] [[Robert Sternberg]], a relationship based on a single element is less likely to survive than one based on two or more.
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The '''triangular theory of love''' characterizes [[love]] in an [[interpersonal relationship]] on three different scales: [[emotional intimacy|intimacy]], [[passion (emotion)|passion]], and [[commitment]]. Different stages and types of love can be explained as different combinations of these three elements; for example, the relative emphasis of each component changes over time as an adult romantic relationship develops. According to the author of the theory, [[psychologist]] [[Robert Sternberg]], a relationship based on a single element is less likely to survive than one based on two or more.
   
 
== The Seven Forms of Love ==
 
== The Seven Forms of Love ==
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|+'''Combinations of intimacy, passion, and commitment'''
 
|+'''Combinations of intimacy, passion, and commitment'''
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|'''Intimacy'''
 
|'''Intimacy'''
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[[Image:TriangleTheory.gif|500px|right|Sternberg's Love Triangle]]<br />
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[[Image:TriangleTheory.gif|500px|right|Sternberg's Love Triangle]]<br>
   
# ''This is not a reliable source. College professors shoudl be careful before assigning this site for discussion. Liking'' is not the case is not used in a trivial sense. Sternberg says that this intimate liking characterizes true friendships, in which a person feels a bondedness, a warmth, and a closeness with another but not intense passion or long-term commitment.
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# ''Liking'' in this case is not used in a trivial sense. Sternberg says that this intimate liking characterizes true friendships, in which a person feels a bondedness, a warmth, and a closeness with another but not intense passion or long-term commitment.
# ''Infatuated love'' is often what is felt as "love at first sight." But without the intimacy and the commitment components of love, infatuated love may disappear suddenly.
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# ''Infatuated love'' is often what is felt as "love at first sight." But without the intimacy and the commitment components of love, infatuated love may disappear suddenly.
# ''Empty love'': Sometimes, a stronger love deteriorates into empty love, in which the commitment remains, but the intimacy and passion have died. In cultures in which arranged marriages are common, relationships often begin as empty love.
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# ''Empty love'': Sometimes, a stronger love deteriorates into empty love, in which the commitment remains, but the intimacy and passion have died. In cultures in which arranged marriages are common, relationships often begin as empty love.
 
# ''Romantic love'': Romantic lovers are bonded emotionally (as in liking) and physically through passionate arousal.
 
# ''Romantic love'': Romantic lovers are bonded emotionally (as in liking) and physically through passionate arousal.
# ''Companionate love'' is often found in marriages in which the passion has gone out of the relationship, but a deep affection and commitment remain. Companionate love is generally a personal relation you build with somebody you share your life with, but with no [[sexual desire|sexual]] or physical desire. It is stronger than friendship because of the extra element of commitment. The love ideally shared between family members is a form of companionate love, as is the love between deep friends or those who spend a lot of time together in any asexual but friendly relationship.
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# ''Companionate love'' is often found in marriages in which the passion has gone out of the relationship, but a deep affection and commitment remain. Companionate love is generally a personal relation you build with somebody you share your life with, but with no [[sexual desire|sexual]] or physical desire. It is stronger than friendship because of the extra element of commitment. The love ideally shared between family members is a form of companionate love, as is the love between deep friends or those who spend a lot of time together in any asexual but friendly relationship.
 
# ''Fatuous love'' can be exemplified by a whirlwind courtship and marriage in which a commitment is motivated largely by passion, without the stabilizing influence of intimacy.
 
# ''Fatuous love'' can be exemplified by a whirlwind courtship and marriage in which a commitment is motivated largely by passion, without the stabilizing influence of intimacy.
# ''Consummate love'' is the complete form of love, representing the ideal relationship toward which many people strive but which apparently few achieve. Sternberg cautions that maintaining a consummate love may be even harder than achieving it. He stresses the importance of translating the components of love into action. "Without expression," he warns, "even the greatest of loves can die" (1987, p.341). Consummate love may not be permanent. For example, if passion is lost over time, it may change into companionate love.
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# ''Consummate love'' is the complete form of love, representing the ideal relationship toward which many people strive but which apparently few achieve. Sternberg cautions that maintaining a consummate love may be even harder than achieving it. He stresses the importance of translating the components of love into action. "Without expression," he warns, "even the greatest of loves can die" (1987, p.341). Consummate love may not be permanent. For example, if passion is lost over time, it may change into companionate love.
# Example of an Intimate relationship is a friendship.
 
# Example of a Passion relationship is an early relationship.
 
# Example of a Commitment relationship is a marriage.
 
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==References==
 
==References==
*Sternberg, R. J. (1986) A triangular theory of love. ''Psychological Review'', 93, 119-135.
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*Sternberg, R. J. (1986) A triangular theory of love. ''Psychological Review'', 93, 119-135.
 
*Sternberg, R. J. (1988) ''The Triangle of Love: Intimacy, Passion, Commitment'', Basic Books (ISBN 0465087469)...
 
*Sternberg, R. J. (1988) ''The Triangle of Love: Intimacy, Passion, Commitment'', Basic Books (ISBN 0465087469)...
   
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[[Category:Interpersonal relationships]]
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[[Category:Love]]
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[[Category:Psychological theories]]
   
 
[[la:triangulus amoris]]
 
[[la:triangulus amoris]]
 
{{enWP|Triangular theory of love}}
 
{{enWP|Triangular theory of love}}
[[Category:Interpersonal relationships]]
 
[[Category:Love]]
 
[[Category:Psychological theories]]
 

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The triangular theory of love characterizes love in an interpersonal relationship on three different scales: intimacy, passion, and commitment. Different stages and types of love can be explained as different combinations of these three elements; for example, the relative emphasis of each component changes over time as an adult romantic relationship develops. According to the author of the theory, psychologist Robert Sternberg, a relationship based on a single element is less likely to survive than one based on two or more.

The Seven Forms of Love Edit

Combinations of intimacy, passion, and commitment
  Intimacy Passion Commitment
Liking or friendship
x
   
Infatuation or limerence  
x
 
Empty love    
x
Romantic love
x
x
 
Companionate love
x
 
x
Fatuous love  
x
x
Consummate love
x
x
x
TriangleTheory

  1. Liking in this case is not used in a trivial sense. Sternberg says that this intimate liking characterizes true friendships, in which a person feels a bondedness, a warmth, and a closeness with another but not intense passion or long-term commitment.
  2. Infatuated love is often what is felt as "love at first sight." But without the intimacy and the commitment components of love, infatuated love may disappear suddenly.
  3. Empty love: Sometimes, a stronger love deteriorates into empty love, in which the commitment remains, but the intimacy and passion have died. In cultures in which arranged marriages are common, relationships often begin as empty love.
  4. Romantic love: Romantic lovers are bonded emotionally (as in liking) and physically through passionate arousal.
  5. Companionate love is often found in marriages in which the passion has gone out of the relationship, but a deep affection and commitment remain. Companionate love is generally a personal relation you build with somebody you share your life with, but with no sexual or physical desire. It is stronger than friendship because of the extra element of commitment. The love ideally shared between family members is a form of companionate love, as is the love between deep friends or those who spend a lot of time together in any asexual but friendly relationship.
  6. Fatuous love can be exemplified by a whirlwind courtship and marriage in which a commitment is motivated largely by passion, without the stabilizing influence of intimacy.
  7. Consummate love is the complete form of love, representing the ideal relationship toward which many people strive but which apparently few achieve. Sternberg cautions that maintaining a consummate love may be even harder than achieving it. He stresses the importance of translating the components of love into action. "Without expression," he warns, "even the greatest of loves can die" (1987, p.341). Consummate love may not be permanent. For example, if passion is lost over time, it may change into companionate love.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sternberg, R. J. (1986) A triangular theory of love. Psychological Review, 93, 119-135.
  • Sternberg, R. J. (1988) The Triangle of Love: Intimacy, Passion, Commitment, Basic Books (ISBN 0465087469)...la:triangulus amoris
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