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{{ClinPsy}}
 
{{ClinPsy}}
The term describes medical knowledge systems, which developed over centuries within various societies before the era of [[modern medicine]]; In popular opinion the term is often <span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: sans-serif; font-style: normal; line-height: 19px; ">considered interchangeable with such terms as </span><span style="line-height: 19px;">[[Folk medicine]], [[Alternative medicine]], ''Indigenous medicine'', [[Complementary medicine]], ''Natural medicine'', and some more.</span> Given the simple definition for ''Alternative medicine'' as any healing practice "that does not fall within the realm of conventional medicine"<ref name=bratman7>Bratman, MD, Steven (1997). The Alternative Medicine Sourcebook. Lowell House. p. 7. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/978-1-56565-626-0 ISBN 978-1-56565-626-0]</ref>, for example, such a confluence may seem valid. However, ''Complementary and Alternative medicine'' should still be understood as a separate discipline<ref>National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine: [http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam/ What is CAM]</ref>, while the rest may also be split in two. [[WHO]]<span style="font-style: normal; "> defines Traditional Medicine as "the medicine that refers to health practices, approaches, knowledge and beliefs incorporating plant, animal and mineral based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises, applied singularly or in combination to treat, diagnose and prevent illnesses or maintain well-being"<ref>[http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/traditional/definitions/en/index.html] WHO:Traditional Medicine: Definitions</ref>, implying thus some high level of institutionalization of the health practices and medical tradition. Among Traditional and Natural medical traditions that carry high level of </span><span style="font-style: normal; ">institutionalization</span><span style="font-style: normal; "> and formalization are the following well-known (</span><span style="font-style: normal; ">also in Western countries</span><span style="font-style: normal; ">) medicine systems:</span><span style="font-style: normal; "> </span>
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The term describes medical knowledge systems, which developed over centuries within various societies before the era of [[modern medicine]]; traditional medicines include medicines, which are very well-known also in Western countries, such as:
   
*[[Acupuncture]]
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*[[Acupuncture]]
*[[Ayurvedic medicine]]
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*[[Ayurvedic medicine]]
*[[Herbal medicine]]
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*[[Herbal medicine]]
 
*[[Traditional Chinese medicine]]
 
*[[Traditional Chinese medicine]]
 
*[[Traditional Korean medicine]]
 
*[[Traditional Korean medicine]]
*[[Unani medicine]]
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*[[Unani medicine]]
   
Less formalized medical traditions, tribal or other local health practices, rather fall under ''Indegenous medicine'' and ''Folk medicine'' definitions than under the term ''Traditional medicine''. While Traditional medicine systems, such as listed above, are taken seriously by the modern evidence based medicine which is gradually incorporating traditional methods and treatments into the mainstream medicine, smaller Folk medicine traditions are largely ignored as many researchers' attitude is that many of the folk treatments that they test are "statistically indistinguishable from [[placebo|placebo treatments]]".<ref>''[[The Economist]]'', "[http://www.economist.com/node/18710090 Alternative Medicine: Think yourself better]", 21 May 2011, pp. 83–84.</ref>
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but also all other medical knowledge and practices all over the globe, which have been so far only orally transmitted.
   
Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use traditional medicine (TM) to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses local folk medicine for primary health care.
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[[WHO]] defines Traditional Medicine as "the medicine that refers to health practices, approaches, knowledge and beliefs incorporating plant, animal and mineral based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises, applied singularly or in combination to treat, diagnose and prevent illnesses or maintain well-being".
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Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use traditional medicine (TM) to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary health care.
   
 
==Techniques used in traditional medicine to treat psychological conditions==
 
==Techniques used in traditional medicine to treat psychological conditions==
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* [[Diet]]
 
* [[Diet]]
 
* [[Fasting]]
 
* [[Fasting]]
* [[Massage]],
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* [[Massage]],
* [[Exercise]],
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* [[Exercise]],
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In industrialized countries, the term "traditional medicine" is very often confused with the term "[[alternative medicine]]."
   
 
One of the core disciplines, which studies traditional medicines, is [[ethnomedicine]].
 
One of the core disciplines, which studies traditional medicines, is [[ethnomedicine]].
   
== References ==
 
<references></references>
 
   
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
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{{med-stub}}
 
{{med-stub}}
   
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[[Category:Traditional medicine| ]]
   
 
[[hr:Tradicionalna medicina]]
 
[[hr:Tradicionalna medicina]]
 
[[ja:伝統医学]]
 
[[ja:伝統医学]]
 
[[pt:Medicina tradicional]]
 
[[pt:Medicina tradicional]]
[[Category:Traditional medicine| ]]
 
[[Category:Folk medicine]]
 
[[Category:Herbalism]]
 

Latest revision as of 13:35, February 14, 2012

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The term describes medical knowledge systems, which developed over centuries within various societies before the era of modern medicine; traditional medicines include medicines, which are very well-known also in Western countries, such as:

but also all other medical knowledge and practices all over the globe, which have been so far only orally transmitted.

WHO defines Traditional Medicine as "the medicine that refers to health practices, approaches, knowledge and beliefs incorporating plant, animal and mineral based medicines, spiritual therapies, manual techniques and exercises, applied singularly or in combination to treat, diagnose and prevent illnesses or maintain well-being".

Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use traditional medicine (TM) to help meet some of their primary health care needs. In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary health care.

Techniques used in traditional medicine to treat psychological conditionsEdit


In industrialized countries, the term "traditional medicine" is very often confused with the term "alternative medicine."

One of the core disciplines, which studies traditional medicines, is ethnomedicine.


External LinksEdit

hr:Tradicionalna medicinapt:Medicina tradicional

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