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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Whatever the aims of therapy, the process can be conceived of in broad terms as consisting of these segments. These may be carried out in sequential order or worked on concurrently.
Firstly the person seeking help is encouraged to tell their side of their story. This may be in the form of:
- Therapy structure: Biography.
- Therapy structure: Creative narrative.
- Therapy structure: Symptom description·
- Therapy structure: Non verbal display
Second the therapist processes the account and in the light of their knowledge, theory and practice offers an explanatory account of their client’s difficulties. This may be in terms of :
- Therapy structure: Commonsense cultural knowledge
- Therapy structure: Theoretical knowledge developed through experience
- Therapy structure: Religious knowledge
- Therapy structure: Scientific knowledge
There is then a process of social negotiation between the two parties to flesh out a joint account. This may involve:
- Therapy structure: Reframing of the clients difficulties in the light of the therapists account.
- Therapy structure: Confirmation by the therapist of the clients understanding.
On the basis of this exchange the two parties engage in various behaviours aimed at changing the thoughts, feelings or behaviour of the client to improve their troubles. The therapist may engage in:
- Therapy structure: Objective physical activity
- Therapy structure: Symbolic physical activity
- Therapy structure: Didactic verbal behaviour
- Therapy structure: Non didactic verbal behaviour
The client may engage in: