Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
The Walid-Robinson Opioid-Dependence (WROD) Questionnaire is a questionnaire designed based on the World Health Organization and the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders clinical guidelines for a definite diagnosis of “dependence” that require three or more of six characteristic features being experienced or exhibited:
- (1) Do you desire to continue taking your opioid medication?
- (2) Do you now experience lengthy periods of use or binge patterns of use?
- (3) Do you have tremors and use substances to relieve withdrawal symptoms?
- (4) Are you able to take more drug without easing the pain?
- (5) Do you neglect food, hygiene or health care?
- (6) Do you want to continue use the drug despite knowledge of problems caused or exacerbated by it?
- Walid MS, Hyer L, Ajjan M, Barth AC, Robinson JS (2007). Prevalence of opioid dependence in spine surgery patients and correlation with length of stay. J Opioid Manag 3 (3): 127–8, 130–2.
- Walid MS, Hyer LA, Ajjan M, Robinson JS (2007). Predicting Opioid-Dependence Using Pain Intensity and Length of Pain Suffering in Pre-Spine-Surgery Patients. The Internet J Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care 5 (2).
- Walid MS, Barth ACM, Ajjan M, Hyer LA, Robinson JS (2008). Does opioid dependence impact length of stay. The AANS Neurosurgeon 17 (2): 19–23.
- Walid MS (2009). Opioid dependence among older pre-spine surgery patients. A prospective study. Journal of Pain Management 2 (2).