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Because bats are apparently [[conscious]] mammals with an entirely different way of perceiving their environments than the way in which human beings do, we can conclude that we know that there is something that it is ''like'' to be a bat, but not what it is like ''for'' a bat. While the example of the bat is particularly illustrative, any conscious species might fit. Further, any ''organism'' would work, as each organism has a unique [[Perspective (cognitive)|point of view]] from which no other organism can gather [[experience]].
 
Because bats are apparently [[conscious]] mammals with an entirely different way of perceiving their environments than the way in which human beings do, we can conclude that we know that there is something that it is ''like'' to be a bat, but not what it is like ''for'' a bat. While the example of the bat is particularly illustrative, any conscious species might fit. Further, any ''organism'' would work, as each organism has a unique [[Perspective (cognitive)|point of view]] from which no other organism can gather [[experience]].
   
Nagel claims that the subjective character of experience implies the [[cognitive closure]] of the human [[mind]] to some [[facts]], specifically the way in which [[body|physical states]] create [[mental state|mental ones]].
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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* [[consciousness]]
 
* [[consciousness]]
 
* [[epistemology]]
 
* [[epistemology]]
* [[Psychology]]
 
 
* [[Perception]]
 
* [[Perception]]
* [[The Emperor's New Clothes]]
 
 
* [[Map-territory relation]]
 
* [[Map-territory relation]]
   
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*[http://members.aol.com/NeoNoetics/Nagel_Bat.html What is it like to be a bat?]
 
*[http://members.aol.com/NeoNoetics/Nagel_Bat.html What is it like to be a bat?]
   
[[ru:Субъективный характер опыта]]
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:ru:Субъективный характер опыта
   
 
[[Category:Consciousness studies]]
 
[[Category:Consciousness studies]]

Revision as of 14:29, January 10, 2007

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That all subjective phenomena are associated with a single point of view ("ego") is called the subjective character of experience. The term was coined and illuminated by Thomas Nagel in his famous paper "What is it like to be a bat?"

Because bats are apparently conscious mammals with an entirely different way of perceiving their environments than the way in which human beings do, we can conclude that we know that there is something that it is like to be a bat, but not what it is like for a bat. While the example of the bat is particularly illustrative, any conscious species might fit. Further, any organism would work, as each organism has a unique point of view from which no other organism can gather experience.


See also

External links

ru:Субъективный характер опыта
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