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Stress Inoculation Training is a cognitive-behavioral approach providing people with added psychological resilience against the effects of stress through a program of managed successful exposure to stressful situations. The approach was developed by Donald Meichenbaum
The program usually comprises three phases:
- The Conceptualisation Phase - learning to conceptualise and reconceptualise stress.
- Skills Acquisition & Rehearsal Phase - inc. problem solving, cog. restructuring & guided self dialogue. It is important to understand that stress cannot be effectively managed by adopting a ‘cookbook approach’. But that stressors need to be appraised and a range of coping options are available to the individual who can decide how best to employ them.
- Application & follow through Phase - staff are encouraged to write ‘coping contracts’ and undertake homework in order to ensure responsibility for their own wellbeing.