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In statistics, **statistical data** consist of groups of information that represent the qualitative or quantitative attributes of a statistical variable or set of variables in the form of numbers. Data (plural of datum", which is seldom used) are typically the results of statistical measurements and can be the basis of statistical analysis and graphical displays. Data are often viewed as the lowest level of abstraction from which information and knowledge are derived.

## EtymologyEdit

The word *data* is the plural of Latin *datum*, neuter past participle of *dare*, "to give", hence "something given". The past participle of "to give" has been used for millennia, in the sense of a statement accepted at face value. In discussions of problems in science, the terms *givens* and *data* are used interchangeably. Such usage is the origin of *data* as a concept in computer science: *data* are numbers, words, images, etc., accepted as they stand.

## See alsoEdit

- Data collection
- Data management
- Data mining
- Data modeling
- Database
- Datasheet
- Electronic data capture
- Metadata
- Statistical correlation
- Statistical tables
- Time series

## References Edit

- http://www.answers.com/topic/data - discussion of the correctness of using data as a singular or plural ("data is" or "data are")

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