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Springer Science+Business Media or Springer (IPA: [ˈʃpʁɪŋɐ]) is a worldwide publishing company based in Germany which focuses on academic journals and books in the fields of science, technology and medicine. They are the second largest publisher worldwide in the Science, Technology, Medicine sector (the largest being Elsevier), with 70 publishing houses, 1,450 journals, 5,000 new books published each year, sale of 836 million euro and 5,000 employees.
The academic publishing companies Springer-Verlag and the The Netherlands|Dutch Kluwer Academic Publishers were bought in 2003 by the British investment groups Cinven and Candover; the publishers were merged in 2004 to form Springer Science+Business Media. Springer publishes textbooks, academic reference books, and a large number of peer-reviewed topical journals in various academic disciplines.
- Formal Aspects of Computing
- Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering
- Journal of Orthopaedic Science
- Mathematical Intelligencer
- Mathematische Annalen