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(Created page with '{{biopsy}} Animation of cortical spreading depression Cortical '''spreading depression''' is a wave of hyperactivity followed by…')
 
 
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[[File:Cortical spreading depression.gif|thumb|Animation of cortical spreading depression]]
 
[[File:Cortical spreading depression.gif|thumb|Animation of cortical spreading depression]]
   
Cortical '''spreading depression''' is a wave of hyperactivity followed by a wave of inhibition, usually in the [[visual cortex]].<ref>Dodick DW & Gargus JJ (August 2008). [http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=why-migraines-strike "Why migraines strike".] ''Scientific American''.</ref>
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'''Spreading depression''' (aka '''cortical spreading depression''' is a wave of hyperactivity followed by a wave of inhibition, usually in the [[visual cortex]].<ref>Dodick DW & Gargus JJ (August 2008). [http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=why-migraines-strike "Why migraines strike".] ''Scientific American''.</ref>
   
 
The term is used by [[neuroscientist]]s to represent at least one of the following [[cortical]] processes:
 
The term is used by [[neuroscientist]]s to represent at least one of the following [[cortical]] processes:
 
* The spreading of a self-propagating wave of cellular [[depolarization]] in the [[cerebral cortex]].
 
* The spreading of a self-propagating wave of cellular [[depolarization]] in the [[cerebral cortex]].
* The spreading of a wave of [[ischemia]] passing through an area of cortex.
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* The spreadin g of a wave of [[ischemia]] passing through an area of cortex.
 
* The spreading of a wave of [[vasoconstriction]] following [[vasodilation]] of [[contiguous]] cortical [[arteriole]]s.<ref>Hadjikhani N et al (2001). "Mechanisms of migraine aura revealed by functional MRI in human visual cortex". ''PNAS'' '''98''', 4687-4692.</ref>
 
* The spreading of a wave of [[vasoconstriction]] following [[vasodilation]] of [[contiguous]] cortical [[arteriole]]s.<ref>Hadjikhani N et al (2001). "Mechanisms of migraine aura revealed by functional MRI in human visual cortex". ''PNAS'' '''98''', 4687-4692.</ref>
   
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* "A delayed class of BOLD waveforms associated with spreading depression in the feline cerebral cortex can be detected and characterised using independent component analysis (ICA)", ''Magn Reson Imaging''. 21 November 2003, Netsiri C, Bradley DP, Takeda T, Smith MI, Papadakis N, Hall LD, Parsons AA, James MF, Huang CL., Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
 
* "A delayed class of BOLD waveforms associated with spreading depression in the feline cerebral cortex can be detected and characterised using independent component analysis (ICA)", ''Magn Reson Imaging''. 21 November 2003, Netsiri C, Bradley DP, Takeda T, Smith MI, Papadakis N, Hall LD, Parsons AA, James MF, Huang CL., Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
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<references/>
 
   
 
==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
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[[category:Brain stimulation]]
 
[[category:Brain stimulation]]
 
[[Category:Cognitive neuroscience]]
 
[[Category:Cognitive neuroscience]]
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[[Category:Electrophysiology]]
 
[[Category:Neurology]]
 
[[Category:Neurology]]
 
[[Category:Neurological disorders]]
 
[[Category:Neurological disorders]]
   
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[[ro:Expansiunea depresiei corticale]]
 
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{{enWP|Cortical spreading depression}}

Latest revision as of 15:12, July 31, 2012

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File:Cortical spreading depression.gif

Spreading depression (aka cortical spreading depression is a wave of hyperactivity followed by a wave of inhibition, usually in the visual cortex.[1]

The term is used by neuroscientists to represent at least one of the following cortical processes:

The scintillating scotoma of migraine in humans may be related to the neurophysiologic phenomenon termed the spreading depression of Leão.[3]

The spreading depression wave progresses across the cortex at approximately 3.6 mm/minute.[4]


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "Cortical spreading depression causes and coincides with tissue hypoxia", Nat Neurosci. 29 April 2007, Takano T, Tian GF, Peng W, Lou N, Lovatt D, Hansen AJ, Kasischke KA, Nedergaard M., Department of Neurosurgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.
  • "A delayed class of BOLD waveforms associated with spreading depression in the feline cerebral cortex can be detected and characterised using independent component analysis (ICA)", Magn Reson Imaging. 21 November 2003, Netsiri C, Bradley DP, Takeda T, Smith MI, Papadakis N, Hall LD, Parsons AA, James MF, Huang CL., Physiological Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
  1. Dodick DW & Gargus JJ (August 2008). "Why migraines strike". Scientific American.
  2. Hadjikhani N et al (2001). "Mechanisms of migraine aura revealed by functional MRI in human visual cortex". PNAS 98, 4687-4692.
  3. Leão AAP (1944). "Spreading depression of activity in the cerebral cortex". J Neurophysiol 7, 359-390.
  4. Porooshani H, Porooshani GH, Gannon L, & Kyle GM (2004). "Speed of progression of migrainous visual aura measured by sequential field assessment". Neuro-Ophthalmology 28(2), 101-105.


Further readingEdit


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