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(New page: {{BioPsy}} The term '''somatic''' refers to the body, as distinct from some other entity, such as the mind. The word comes from the Greek word Σωματικóς...)
 
 
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In [[anatomy]], ''somatic'' can refer to the part of the [[Somatic nervous system|nervous system]] that controls voluntary movement and sensation and judges relative effort and weight, called [[proprioception]]. Additionally, ''somatic muscles'' are basically those of the musculo-skeletal system.<ref name=websters>Websters Dictionary</ref>
 
In [[anatomy]], ''somatic'' can refer to the part of the [[Somatic nervous system|nervous system]] that controls voluntary movement and sensation and judges relative effort and weight, called [[proprioception]]. Additionally, ''somatic muscles'' are basically those of the musculo-skeletal system.<ref name=websters>Websters Dictionary</ref>
   
In [[genetics]], ''somatic'' can refer to a cell or tissue that resides outside the germline (see [[somatic cell]]). For example, a ''somatic'' [[mutation]] cannot be transmitted to descendants in animals.
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In [[genetics]], ''somatic'' can refer to a cell or tissue that resides outside the germline. For example, a ''somatic'' [[mutation]] cannot be transmitted to descendants in animals.
   
In the [[philosophy of education]], certain ideas that have to do with the body and the mind have been called ''[[somatic disciplines|somatics]]''. According to the originator of this usage of the term, "somatic awareness allows a person to glean wisdom from within".<ref>Hanna, Thomas. 1986. "What is Somatic?" ''Somatics''. 5 (4), 4–9</ref> The usage of ''somatic'' as put forth by [[Thomas Hanna]] implies a truly integrated mind/body/spirit nature of humans. Thus far, the popular usage of this term has not fully realized this meaning, and a mind-body dualism still often occurs in disciplines describing themselves as somatic.
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In the [[philosophy of education]], certain ideas that have to do with the body and the mind have been called ''[[somatic disciplines|somatics]]''. According to the originator of this usage of the term, "somatic awareness allows a person to glean wisdom from within".<ref>Hanna, Thomas. 1986. "What is Somatic?" ''Somatics''. 5 (4), 4–9</ref> The usage of ''somatic'' as put forth by Thomas Hanna implies a truly integrated mind/body/spirit nature of humans. Thus far, the popular usage of this term has not fully realized this meaning, and a mind-body dualism still often occurs in disciplines describing themselves as somatic.
   
 
==Related terms==
 
==Related terms==
   
'''Soma''' is the whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail; also "corporeal, pertaining to a body." The term's origin is NL, from the [[Greek language|Greek]] for "body".<ref name=websters />
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'''Soma''' is the whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail; also "corporeal, pertaining to a body." The term's origin is NL, from the Greek for "body".<ref name=websters />
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[Somatic disciplines]]
 
 
* [[Somatic nervous system]]
 
* [[Somatic nervous system]]
 
* [[Psychosomatic illness]]
 
* [[Psychosomatic illness]]
 
* [[Soma (biology)]]
 
* [[Soma (biology)]]
* [[Somatic cell]]
 
* [[Mutation]]
 
 
* [[Pain and nociception|Pain]] - somatic
 
* [[Pain and nociception|Pain]] - somatic
   

Latest revision as of 10:55, February 14, 2008

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The term somatic refers to the body, as distinct from some other entity, such as the mind. The word comes from the Greek word Σωματικóς (Somatikòs), meaning "of the body". It has different meanings in various disciplines.

In neurobiology, somatic can be an adjective referring to the soma, the part of the neuron containing the cell nucleus.

In anatomy, somatic can refer to the part of the nervous system that controls voluntary movement and sensation and judges relative effort and weight, called proprioception. Additionally, somatic muscles are basically those of the musculo-skeletal system.[1]

In genetics, somatic can refer to a cell or tissue that resides outside the germline. For example, a somatic mutation cannot be transmitted to descendants in animals.

In the philosophy of education, certain ideas that have to do with the body and the mind have been called somatics. According to the originator of this usage of the term, "somatic awareness allows a person to glean wisdom from within".[2] The usage of somatic as put forth by Thomas Hanna implies a truly integrated mind/body/spirit nature of humans. Thus far, the popular usage of this term has not fully realized this meaning, and a mind-body dualism still often occurs in disciplines describing themselves as somatic.

Related termsEdit

Soma is the whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail; also "corporeal, pertaining to a body." The term's origin is NL, from the Greek for "body".[1]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Websters Dictionary
  2. Hanna, Thomas. 1986. "What is Somatic?" Somatics. 5 (4), 4–9



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