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Sociological paradigm

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Sociological paradigms (or frameworks) are specific 'points of view' used by social scientists in social research. Sociological paradigms are particular paradigms that employ the sociological perspective and the sociological imagination. A sociological paradigm usually refers to the broad schools of thought in sociology that encompass multiple theories from the same perspective. These include:

  • conflict paradigm: focuses on the ability of some groups to dominate others, or resistance to such domination, including Marxism
  • feminism: focuses on how male dominance of society has shaped social life.
  • functionalism: also known as a social systems paradigm, examines what functions the various elements of a social system perform in regard to the entire system.
  • interactionism: believes that meaning is produced through the interactions of individals.
  • darwinism paradigm: (also known as the evolutionary paradigm) sees a progressive evolution in social life.
  • positivism paradigm: Social Positivists believe that social processes should be studied in terms of cause and effect using the scientific method.

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