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In educational psychology, social cognitivism is a learning theory based on the assumption that people learn by watching what others do. In the book "Educational Psychology: Developing Learners" (2003) author Jeanne Ellis Ormrod lists the main principles of social cognitivism:
- People learn by observing others.
- Learning is an internal process that may or may not change behavior.
- People behave in certain ways to reach goals.
- Behavior is self-directed (as opposed to the behaviorist thought that behavior is determined by environment.
- Reinforcement and punishment have unpredicatable and indirect effects on both behavior and learning.
Teachers play the role as model in a child's learning acquisition. Teachers model both material objectives and underlying curriculum of virtuous living. Teachers should also be dedicated to the building of high self-efficacy levels in their students by recognizing their accomplishments.
The theorist most commonly associated with Social Cognitivism is Albert Bandura.
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