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Similarities & differences between Piaget & Vygotsky theories

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Differences & Similarities Between the Theories of Piaget & Vygotsky.

Introduction

s.no

Similarities

Jean Piaget

Lev Vygotsky

\

es development…?

Maturation , conflict

Enjoyment from others, motivates more learning.

3.

Role of language…

Thought drives language

Language drives thought

4.

Role of biology…

Maturation dictates pace of cognitive development

Elementary functions are innate.

5.

Child is active…......

Child actively organises cognitive schemas to maintain equilibrium.

Child is active in providing feedback to the parent/instructor

6.

source of cognition

children themselves

social environment could help the child's cognitive development

7.

Child’s role

independent

Dependent on social interaction

8.

Cognitive development

universal cognitive change

highly variable development , depending on the child's cultural experiences to the environment.

9.

theory

Natural line of development

Cultural line of development

10.

Period of development & basic concerns:

11.

Infancy(0-2 yrs)

Sensorimotor stage

affiliation

12.

Early childhood(2-7yrs)

Preoperational stage

play

13.

Middle childhood(7-11yrs)

Concrete operational stage

learning

14.

Adolescence(12-19yrs)

Formal operational stage

peer

15.

adulthood

Formal operational stage

work

16.

Differences in terms of private speech:

17.

Developmental Significance

Lack of ability

External thinking

18.

Course of Development

Declines with age

Increases in youth, then declines

19.

Relationship to Social Speech

Negative; immature

Positive; social stimulated

20.

Relationship to Environmental Context

Piaget did not comment

Increases with task difficulty

21.

The Theory:

contents

22.

Nature Or Nurture

---

23.

Intellectual Development Continuous Interaction With Environment

---

24.

Intelligence

---

25.

Adaptation

---

26.

Assimilation

---

27.

Accommodation

---

28.

Schema

---

29.

Equilibrium

---

30.

Disequilibrium

---

31.

---

Development As Social Process

32.

---

How Reasoning Understanding, Planning Remembering Arise Out Of Child Social Experiences

33.

---

34.

---

Zone Of Proximal Development

35.

---

Guided Participation

36.

---

Collaborative Learning

37.

---

Task Performance With Assistance What Is Good Assistance

38.

---

Scaffolding

39.

---

Strategies & Levels Of Problem Solving

40.

---

Adult Child Relationship

41.

---

Peer Tutors

42.

---

Role Of Peers

43.

Learning as product of

individualist society.

power of the community

44.

child

introvert

extrovert

45.

Basic focus

cognition

cognition

46.

Complex interactionist character of development

Everyone is different.

Everyone is different.

47.

Basic source of learning

Child himself

Zone of proximal development

48.

Child learning process

independent

dependent

49.

Role of child

scientist

Apprentice

50.

Development

Same or universal

Variable due to cultural differences

See also

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