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He was son of a physician, John Kearsley Mitchell (1798–1858), and was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He studied at the University of Pennsylvania in that city, and received the degree of M.D. at Jefferson Medical College in 1850. During the American Civil War he had charge of nervous injuries and maladies at Turners Lane Hospital, Philadelphia, and at the close of the war became a specialist in neurology. In this field Weir Mitchell's name became prominently associated with his introduction of the rest cure, subsequently taken up by the medical world, for nervous diseases, particularly hysteria; the treatment consisting primarily in isolation, confinement to bed, dieting and massage. His medical texts include Injuries of Nerves and Their Consequences (1872) and Fat and Blood (1877). Mitchell's disease (erythromelalgia) is named after him.
In 1863 he wrote a clever short story, combining physiological and psychological problems, entitled "The Case of George Dedlow", in the Atlantic Monthly. Thenceforward, Mitchell, as a writer, divided his attention between professional and literary pursuits. In the former field, he produced monographs on rattlesnake poison, on intellectual hygiene, on injuries to the nerves, on neurasthenia, on nervous diseases of women, on the effects of gunshot wounds upon the nervous system, and on the relations between nurse, physician, and patient; while in the latter, he wrote juvenile stories, several volumes of respectable verse, and prose fiction of varying merit, which, however, gave him a leading place among the American authors of the close of the 19th century. His historical novels, Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker (1897), The Adventures of François (1898) and The Red City (1909), take high rank in this branch of fiction.
He was also Charlotte Perkins Gilman's doctor and his use of a rest cure on her provided the idea for "The Yellow Wallpaper", a short story in which the narrator is driven insane by her rest cure.
Honors and recognition
Dr. Mitchell's eminence in science and letters was recognized by honorary degrees conferred upon him by several universities at home and abroad and by membership, honorary or active, in many American and foreign learned societies. In 1887 he was president of the Association of American Physicians and in 1908–09 president of the American Neurological Association. New International Encyclopedia
The American Academy of Neurology award for young researchers is named for Dr. Mitchell.
- Weir Mitchell skin — a red, glossy, perspiring skin seen in cases of incomplete irritative lesion of a nerve.
- Weir Mitchell treatment — a method of treating neurasthenia, hysteria, etc., by absolute rest in bed, frequent and abundant feeding, and the systematic use of massage and electricity.
- Mitchell's disease — erythromelalgia.
- Dorland's Medical Dictionary (1938)
- A Catalogue of the Scientific and Literary Work of S. Weir Mitchell (Philadelphia, 1894)
- Talcott Williams, " Dr. S. Weir Mitchell'" in the Century Magazine, volume lvii, (New York, 1898)
- Talcott Williams, in several articles in the Book News Monthly, volume xxvi, (Philadelphia, 1907)
- E. P. Oberholtzer, "Personal Memories of Weir Mitchell," in the Bookman, volume xxxix (New York, 1914)
- B. R. Tucker, S. Weir Mitchell (Boston, 1914)
- 'Circumstance' By S. Weir Mitchell, MD. LL.D. Harvard and Edinburgh. Copyright, 1901, By The Century Co. Published, 1902, By The Century Co.
- "Rest in the Treatment of Nervous Disease" by S. Weir Mitchell
- Silas Weir Mitchell. Biography at WhoNamedIt
- Works by Silas Weir Mitchell at Internet Archive (scanned books original editions color illustrated)
- Works by Silas Weir Mitchell at Project Gutenberg (plain text and HTML)
- Portrait of Silas Weir Mitchell by John Singer Sargent
- S. Weir Mitchell Award of the American Academy of Neurology
- Template:Find a Grave
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
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