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[[Image:papert.png|thumb|150px|right|Seymour Papert]]
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'''Seymour Papert''' (born [[March 1]], [[1928]] [[Pretoria, South Africa]]) is an [[Massachusetts Institute of Technology|MIT]] [[mathematician]], [[computer scientist]], and prominent [[educator]]. He is one of the pioneers of [[artificial intelligence]], as well as an inventor of the [[Logo programming language]] ([[1968]]).
 
   
==About Papert==
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'''Seymour Papert''' (born March 1, [[1928]] Pretoria, South Africa) is an [[Massachusetts Institute of Technology|MIT]] [[mathematician]], [[computer science|computer scientist]], and prominent [[education|educator]]. He is one of the pioneers of [[artificial intelligence]], as well as an inventor of the Logo programming language.
*The developer of an interesting and original vision on learning called [[Constructionist learning|Constructionism]], built upon the work of [[Jean Piaget]] ([[Constructivism (pedagogical)|Constructivism]]). Rethinks how schools should work based on these theories of learning. Also focuses on the impact of new technologies on learning in general and schools as a learning organisation in particular.
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* Seymour Papert used [[Piaget]]'s work while developing the [[Logo programming language]]. He created Logo as a [[tool]] to improve the way that [[children]] think and solve the problems. A small [[robot]] called “[[Logo Turtle]]” was developed and [[children]] have been encouraged to solve the problem with [[Logo turtle]]. A main purpose of the Logo Foundation [http://el.media.mit.edu/logo-foundation/]research group is to strengthen the ability to [[learn]] the [[knowledge]]. [[Seymour Papert]] insists a [[language]] or [[Computer_program|program]] that [[children]] can [[learn]] does not have to lack functionality for expert users.
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==Biography==
* Papert is one of the principals for the [[One Laptop Per Child]] initiative to manufacture and distribute the [[$100 laptop]] in developing nations.
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*Developer of an interesting and original vision on learning called [[Constructionist learning|Constructionism]], built upon the work of [[Jean Piaget]] ([[Constructivism (learning theory)|Constructivism]]). Rethinks how schools should work based on these theories of learning. Also focuses on the impact of new technologies on learning in general and schools as a learning organisation in particular.
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*Used [[Jean Piaget|Piaget]]'s work while developing the Logo programming language. He created Logo as a tool to improve the way that children think and solve the problems. A small [[robot]] called "[[Logo turtle|Logo Turtle]]" was developed and children have been encouraged to solve the problem with Logo turtle. A main purpose of the [http://el.media.mit.edu/logo-foundation/ Logo Foundation] research group is to strengthen the ability to [[learning|learn]] the [[knowledge]]. Papert insists a [[programming language|language]] or program that children can learn does not have to lack functionality for expert users.
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*Is one of the principals for the One Laptop Per Child initiative to manufacture and distribute [[The Children's Machine]] in developing nations.
 
*Has been called (by [[Marvin Minsky]]) "the greatest living mathematics educator" [cover of ''Mindstorms'']
 
*Has been called (by [[Marvin Minsky]]) "the greatest living mathematics educator" [cover of ''Mindstorms'']
 
*A proponent of the [[Knowledge Machine]].
 
*A proponent of the [[Knowledge Machine]].
*Worked with [[Jean Piaget]] during the 1960 and is widely considered the most brilliant and successful of Piaget's proteges. Piaget once said that "no one understand my ideas as well as Papert." [Direct Observation]
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*Worked with [[Jean Piaget]] during the 1960s and is widely considered the most brilliant and successful of Piaget's proteges. Piaget once said that "no one understand my ideas as well as Papert." [Direct Observation]
*Influenced [[Alan Kay]] and the [[Dynabook]] concept.
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*Influenced [[Alan Kay]] and the [[Dynabook]] concept. Continues to work with Kay on various projects.
 
*Created the Epistemology & Learning Research Group and the [[MIT Media Lab]]
 
*Created the Epistemology & Learning Research Group and the [[MIT Media Lab]]
* Influenced the research of [[Idit Harel Caperton]] - collaborated on research grants and published together [http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&q=cache:uiN8ZG2i2pQJ:www.cs.uml.edu/~fredm/cher/el-publications/EL-Memos/memo7.PS.Z+Papert+and+Harel articles], and the book [[Constructionism]]; and has been the Advisory Board Chair of her company [[MaMaMedia]].
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* Influenced the research of [[Idit Harel Caperton]] - collaborated on research grants and published together [http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&q=cache:uiN8ZG2i2pQJ:www.cs.uml.edu/~fredm/cher/el-publications/EL-Memos/memo7.PS.Z+Papert+and+Harel articles], and the book ''Constructionism''; and has been the Advisory Board Chair of her company [[MaMaMedia]].
*A collaborator with [[Lego|LEGO]] on their Logo-programmable [[Lego Mindstorms]] robotics kits.
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*A collaborator with Lego on their Logo-programmable Lego Mindstorms robotics kits.
 
* Influenced the work of Uri Wilensky in the design of [[NetLogo]] and collaborated with him on the study of knowledge restructurations.
 
* Influenced the work of Uri Wilensky in the design of [[NetLogo]] and collaborated with him on the study of knowledge restructurations.
* Influenced the work of [[Andrea diSessa]] and the development of dynaturtles.
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* Influenced the work of Andrea diSessa and the development of dynaturtles.
*Was a leading figure in the revolutionary socialist circle around [[Socialist Review]] while living in London in the 1950s.
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*Was a leading figure in the revolutionary socialist circle around Socialist Review while living in London in the 1950s.
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* Is married to Suzanne Massie Papert, Russian scholar and author of "Pavlovsk, Life of a Russian Palace" and "Land of the Firebird"
   
==Books by Papert==
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==Accident in Hanoi==
* Counter-free automata, 1971, ISBN 0262130769
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While attending the [http://www.tatvietnam.com/conference/ 17th ICMI Study conference] in Hanoi, Papert was struck by a motorcycle while crossing a road near his hotel on Tuesday December 5, [[2006]]. He underwent [[brain surgery]] at the French Hospital of Hanoi on Wednesday December 6 to remove the blood clot that had formed. By the evening of Tuesday December 12, he was in stable but critical condition.[http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2006/12/08/top_mit_scientist_injured_in_vietnam/] In order to support him and his family, a group of people are creating a virtual bunch of flowers.[http://www.flowersforseymour.com www.flowersforseymour.com]
* Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas, 1980, ISBN 0465046746
 
* Perceptrons, (with Marvin Minsky), MIT Press, 1969 (Enlarged edition, 1988), ISBN 0262631113
 
* The Children's Machine: Rethinking School in the Age of the Computer, 1992, ISBN 0465010636
 
* The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap, 1996, ISBN 1563523353
 
   
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On Dec 16th he was transferred by Air Ambulance to Boston, Massachusetts, and on 23rd January he was transferred to a hospital in his home state of Maine. He is currently undergoing extensive rehab. Though he has regained consciousness, he cannot speak clearly, walk or function on his own. His family reports that he remains hospitalized and his recovery is uncertain.
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==Bibliography==
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* ''Counter-free automata'', 1971, ISBN 0-262-13076-9
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* ''Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas'', 1980, ISBN 0-465-04674-6
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* ''Perceptrons'', (with Marvin Minsky), MIT Press, 1969 (Enlarged edition, 1988), ISBN 0-262-63111-3
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* ''The Children's Machine: Rethinking School in the Age of the Computer'', 1992, ISBN 0-465-01063-6
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* ''The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap'', 1996, ISBN 1-56352-335-3
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==External links==
 
==External links==
* [http://papert.www.media.mit.edu/people/papert/ Short biography at MIT]
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*[http://www.flowersforseymour.com Flowers for Seymour project]
* [http://www.papert.org/ Home page of Dr. Papert]
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*[http://www.media.mit.edu/people/papert/ Seymour Papert] short biography at MIT
*[http://www.stager.org/planetpapert.html Planet Papert - a collection of resources]
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*[http://www.papert.org/ Professor Seymour Papert: Papert.org] home page
* [http://el.media.mit.edu/logo-foundation/ Logo Foundation]
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*[http://www.stager.org/planetpapert.html Planet Papert] articles by and about Papert
* [http://mindstorms.lego.com/ LEGO Mindstorms]
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*[http://el.media.mit.edu/logo-foundation/ Logo Foundation]
* [http://www.MaMaMedia.com MaMaMedia Inc.]
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*[http://mindstorms.lego.com/ LEGO Mindstorms]
* [http://www.abc.net.au/sundayprofile/stories/s1144341.htm Interview]
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*[http://www.MaMaMedia.com MaMaMedia Inc.] firm cofounded by Papert
* [[Association for Computing Machinery]] [http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=973801.973816 Video Interview with Seymour Papert]
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*[http://dmoz.org/Computers/History/Pioneers/Papert,_Seymour/ Open Directory: Computers: History: Pioneers: Papert, Seymour]
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*[http://www.abc.net.au/sundayprofile/stories/s1144341.htm Interview]
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*[[Association for Computing Machinery]] [http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=973801.973816 Video Interview with Seymour Papert]
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{{mathbiostub}}
 
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[[Category:Artificial intelligence researchers|Papert, Seymour]]
 
[[Category:Artificial intelligence researchers|Papert, Seymour]]
[[Category:Educationists|Papert, Seymour]]
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[[Category:South African computer scientists|Papert, Seymour]]
[[Category:Computer scientists|Papert, Seymour]]
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[[Category:South African educationists|Papert, Seymour]]
   
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Latest revision as of 11:08, April 10, 2007

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Seymour Papert (born March 1, 1928 Pretoria, South Africa) is an MIT mathematician, computer scientist, and prominent educator. He is one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence, as well as an inventor of the Logo programming language.

BiographyEdit

  • Developer of an interesting and original vision on learning called Constructionism, built upon the work of Jean Piaget (Constructivism). Rethinks how schools should work based on these theories of learning. Also focuses on the impact of new technologies on learning in general and schools as a learning organisation in particular.
  • Used Piaget's work while developing the Logo programming language. He created Logo as a tool to improve the way that children think and solve the problems. A small robot called "Logo Turtle" was developed and children have been encouraged to solve the problem with Logo turtle. A main purpose of the Logo Foundation research group is to strengthen the ability to learn the knowledge. Papert insists a language or program that children can learn does not have to lack functionality for expert users.
  • Is one of the principals for the One Laptop Per Child initiative to manufacture and distribute The Children's Machine in developing nations.
  • Has been called (by Marvin Minsky) "the greatest living mathematics educator" [cover of Mindstorms]
  • A proponent of the Knowledge Machine.
  • Worked with Jean Piaget during the 1960s and is widely considered the most brilliant and successful of Piaget's proteges. Piaget once said that "no one understand my ideas as well as Papert." [Direct Observation]
  • Influenced Alan Kay and the Dynabook concept. Continues to work with Kay on various projects.
  • Created the Epistemology & Learning Research Group and the MIT Media Lab
  • Influenced the research of Idit Harel Caperton - collaborated on research grants and published together articles, and the book Constructionism; and has been the Advisory Board Chair of her company MaMaMedia.
  • A collaborator with Lego on their Logo-programmable Lego Mindstorms robotics kits.
  • Influenced the work of Uri Wilensky in the design of NetLogo and collaborated with him on the study of knowledge restructurations.
  • Influenced the work of Andrea diSessa and the development of dynaturtles.
  • Was a leading figure in the revolutionary socialist circle around Socialist Review while living in London in the 1950s.
  • Is married to Suzanne Massie Papert, Russian scholar and author of "Pavlovsk, Life of a Russian Palace" and "Land of the Firebird"

Accident in HanoiEdit

While attending the 17th ICMI Study conference in Hanoi, Papert was struck by a motorcycle while crossing a road near his hotel on Tuesday December 5, 2006. He underwent brain surgery at the French Hospital of Hanoi on Wednesday December 6 to remove the blood clot that had formed. By the evening of Tuesday December 12, he was in stable but critical condition.[1] In order to support him and his family, a group of people are creating a virtual bunch of flowers.www.flowersforseymour.com

On Dec 16th he was transferred by Air Ambulance to Boston, Massachusetts, and on 23rd January he was transferred to a hospital in his home state of Maine. He is currently undergoing extensive rehab. Though he has regained consciousness, he cannot speak clearly, walk or function on his own. His family reports that he remains hospitalized and his recovery is uncertain.

BibliographyEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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