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Sergei Sergeievich Korsakoff (Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Корсаков

January 22 1854, Vladimir- May 1 1900, Moscow) was a Russian neuropsychiatrist.

Sergei Korsakoff was the first of great Russian neuropsychiatrist. He studied medicine at the University of Moscow, graduated in 1875 and subsequently became physician to "Preobrazhenski" mental hospital. From 1876 to 1879 he gained postgraduated experience in the clinic for nervous diseases under Aleksey Kozhevnikov. His thesis "Alcoholic Paralysis" won him the medical doctorate in 1887. In 1892 he was appointed professor extraordinarius at a new university psychiatric clinic. During this time he visited Vienna where he was a pupil of Theodor Meynert. He was ordinarius of neurology and psychiatry from 1899 until his death the next year.

Korsakoff was one of the greatest neuropsychiatrist of the 19th century and published numerous works in neuropathology, psychiatry, and forensic medicine. Apart from his studies on alcoholic psychosis he introduced the concept of paranoia and wrote an excellent textbook on psychiatry. Korsakoff studied the effects of alcoholism on the nervous system and drew attention to several cases of alcoholic polyneuropathy with distinctive mental symptoms. An able organiser, he was instrumental in founding the Moscow Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists. The "Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imenia Korsacov" (Korsakoff's Journal of Neuropathology and Psychiatry) was named after him.

Associated eponymsEdit


  • Barry G. Firkin and J.A. Whitworth: Dictionary of Medical Eponyms. Parthenon Publishing Group. New edition 2002
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