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Self-management means different things in different fields:
- In business, education, and psychology, self-management refers to methods, skills, and strategies by which individuals can effectively direct their own activities toward the achievement of objectives, and includes goal setting, planning, scheduling, task tracking, self-evaluation, self-intervention, self-development, etc. Also known as executive processes (in the context of the processes of execution).
- In the field of medicine and health care, self-management means the interventions, training, and skills by which patients with a chronic illness, or disability can effectively take care of themselves and learn how to do so.
- Workers' self-management - a form of workplace decision-making in which the employees themselves agree on choices (for issues like customer care, general production methods, scheduling, division of labor etc.) instead of the traditional authoritative supervisor telling workers what to do, how to do it and where to do it.
In all these areas the self regulated modification and maintenance of behavior is a key process.
- Cognitive therapy
- Self determination
- Self evaluation
- Self monitoring
- Self reinforcement
- Time management