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{{ProfPsy}}
 
{{ProfPsy}}
'''Self-archiving''' involves depositing a free copy of a digital document on the [[World Wide Web]] in order to provide [[open access]] to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of [[peer review]]ed research journal and conference articles as well as theses, deposited in the author's own [[Open Archives Initiative]]-compliant [[institutional repository]] or [[open archive]] for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and [[citation]] [[impact factor]]. Self archiving was first proposed formally in the 1994 Subversive Proposal, but it had already been in practice for years by [[computer scientist]]s as well as physicists ever since the advent of the [[usenet]], anonymous [[File Transfer Protocol|FTP]] and eventually the web.
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'''Self-archiving''' involves depositing a free copy of a digital document on the [[World Wide Web]] in order to provide [[open access]] to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of [[peer review]]ed research journal and conference articles as well as theses, deposited in the author's own [[Open Archives Initiative]]-compliant [[institutional repository]] or [[open archive]] for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and [[citation impact]].
'''Self archiving''' is the practice in which authors deposit their own work into an electronic archive, usually with reference to an [[Open Access]] [[Eprint| Eprint Archive]]
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(or [[Institutional Repository]]. This was suggested by [[Stevan Harnad]] in his [[1995]] article "A Subversive Proposal".
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Self-archiving was first explicitly proposed as a universal practice by [[Stevan Harnad]] in his 1994 posting "[[Subversive Proposal]]", although computer scientists had been doing it spontaneously in anonymous [[file transfer protocol|FTP]] archives since at least the '80's (see [[CiteSeer]]) and physicists since the early '90s on the web (see [[arXiv]]).
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[http://romeo.eprints.org/stats.php About 94%] of peer-reviewed journals already endorse authors self-archiving [[preprint]] and/or [[postprint]] versions of their papers. Whereas the right to self-archive postprints is a copyright matter, the right to self-archive preprints is merely a [http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/self-faq/#publisher-forbids question of journal policy].
   
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
* [[BOAI]]
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* [[American Scientist Open Access Forum]]
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* [[Berlin Declaration]]
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* [[Budapest Open Access Initiative]]
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* [[Eprints]]
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* [[Cogprints]]
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* [[Institutional Repositories]]
 
* [[Open Archives Initiative]]
 
* [[Open Archives Initiative]]
 
* [[Open access]]
 
* [[Open access]]
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* [[Subversive Proposal]]
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://www.eprints.org/ EPrints] software for self-archiving and open access (OA) eprint archives
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*[http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/3351/ A Subversive Proposal] by S. Harnad, (1995), in Okerson, A. and O'Donnell, J., Eds. [http://www.arl.org/scomm/subversive/toc.html Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing] Association of Research Libraries
*[http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/3351/ A Subversive Proposal] by S. Harnad, (1995), in Okerson, A. and O'Donnell, J., Eds. Association of Research Libraries.
 
 
*[http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/ Self Archiving FAQ]: Answers to most of the questions you might have about self-archiving. There is also a Glossary of Terms in case you find yourself wading in jargon.
 
*[http://www.eprints.org/self-faq/ Self Archiving FAQ]: Answers to most of the questions you might have about self-archiving. There is also a Glossary of Terms in case you find yourself wading in jargon.
 
*[http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving]
 
*[http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving]
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*[http://www.eprints.org/ EPrints] software for self-archiving and open access (OA) eprint archives
 
*[http://selfarchive.org/index.php/Main_Page SelfArchive.org]: a self-archiving wiki
 
*[http://selfarchive.org/index.php/Main_Page SelfArchive.org]: a self-archiving wiki
 
*[http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=4;spage=337;epage=342;aulast=Harnad Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research through Author/Institution Self-Archiving]
 
*[http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=4;spage=337;epage=342;aulast=Harnad Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research through Author/Institution Self-Archiving]
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==References==
 
==References==
   
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*Berners-Lee, T., De Roure, D., Harnad, S. and Shadbolt, N. (2005) Journal publishing and author self-archiving: Peaceful Co-Existence and Fruitful Collaboration. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11160/
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*Brody, T. and Harnad, S. (2004) Using Web Statistics as a Predictor of Citation Impact http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/timcorr.doc
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*Hajjem, C., Harnad, S. and Gingras, Y. (2005) Ten-Year Cross-Disciplinary Comparison of the Growth of Open Access and How it Increases Research Citation Impact. IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin 28(4) pp. 39-47. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11688/
 
*Harnad, Stevan (1990). "Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry." ''Psychological Science'' 1, no. 6: 342-344. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001581/index.html
 
*Harnad, Stevan (1990). "Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry." ''Psychological Science'' 1, no. 6: 342-344. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001581/index.html
 
*Harnad, Stevan (1991). "Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: The Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of Knowledge." ''The Public-Access Computer Systems Review'' 2, no. 1: 39-53. http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v2/n1/harnad.2n1
 
*Harnad, Stevan (1991). "Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: The Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of Knowledge." ''The Public-Access Computer Systems Review'' 2, no. 1: 39-53. http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v2/n1/harnad.2n1
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*--- (2001). "Minotaur: Six Proposals for Freeing the Refereed Literature Online: A Comparison." ''Ariadne'', no. 28. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/minotaur/
 
*--- (2001). "Minotaur: Six Proposals for Freeing the Refereed Literature Online: A Comparison." ''Ariadne'', no. 28. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/minotaur/
 
*--- (2001/3). For Whom the Gate Tolls? Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access. In: Law, Derek & Judith Andrews, Eds. Digital Libraries: Policy Planning and Practice. Ashgate Publishing 2003. http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/documents/disk0/00/00/16/39/index.html
 
*--- (2001/3). For Whom the Gate Tolls? Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research Through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access. In: Law, Derek & Judith Andrews, Eds. Digital Libraries: Policy Planning and Practice. Ashgate Publishing 2003. http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/documents/disk0/00/00/16/39/index.html
*--- (2003). "Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access." ''Journal of Postgraduate Medicine'' 49, no. 4: 337-342. http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=4; spage=337;epage=342;aulast=Harnad
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*--- (2003). "Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access." ''Journal of Postgraduate Medicine'' 49, no. 4: 337-342. http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=4;spage=337;epage=342;aulast=Harnad
 
*--- (2003). "Maximizing University Research Impact through Self-Archiving." ''JCOM: Journal of Science Communication'' 2, no. 4. http://jcom.sissa.it/article/art020401.html
 
*--- (2003). "Maximizing University Research Impact through Self-Archiving." ''JCOM: Journal of Science Communication'' 2, no. 4. http://jcom.sissa.it/article/art020401.html
 
*--- (2003). "The Research-Impact Cycle." ''Information Services & Use'' 23, no. 2-3: 139-142.
 
*--- (2003). "The Research-Impact Cycle." ''Information Services & Use'' 23, no. 2-3: 139-142.
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*--- (2003). Back to the Oral Tradition Through Skywriting at the Speed of Thought. Interdisciplines. http://www.interdisciplines.org/defispublicationweb/papers/6
 
*--- (2003). Back to the Oral Tradition Through Skywriting at the Speed of Thought. Interdisciplines. http://www.interdisciplines.org/defispublicationweb/papers/6
 
*--- (2005) Fast-Forward on the Green Road to Open Access: The Case Against Mixing Up Green and Gold. Ariadne 42. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/harnad/
 
*--- (2005) Fast-Forward on the Green Road to Open Access: The Case Against Mixing Up Green and Gold. Ariadne 42. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue42/harnad/
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*--- (2006) Publish or Perish — Self-Archive to Flourish: The Green Route to Open Access. ERCIM News 64. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11715/
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*--- (2006) Maximizing Research Impact Through Institutional and National Open-Access Self-Archiving Mandates. In Proceedings of CRIS2006. Current Research Information Systems: Open Access Institutional Repositories (in press), Bergen, Norway. Jeffrey, K., Eds. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12093/
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*--- (2006) Opening Access by Overcoming Zeno's Paralysis, in Jacobs, N., Eds. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects, chapter 8. Chandos. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12094/
 
*Harnad, Stevan, Les Carr, and Tim Brody. "How and Why to Free All Refereed Research from Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now."'' High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine'', no. 4 (2001). http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/4/papers/1/
 
*Harnad, Stevan, Les Carr, and Tim Brody. "How and Why to Free All Refereed Research from Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now."'' High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine'', no. 4 (2001). http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/4/papers/1/
 
*Harnad, Stevan, and Matt Hemus. "All or None: No Stable Hybrid or Half-Way Solutions for Launching the Learned Periodical Literature into the Post-Gutenberg Galaxy." In ''The Impact of Electronic Publishing on the Academic Community: An International Workshop Organized by the Academia Europaea and the Wenner-Gren Foundation'', dited by I. Butterworth. London: Portland Press, 1998. http://www.portlandpress.com/pp/books/online/tiepac/session1/ch5.htm
 
*Harnad, Stevan, and Matt Hemus. "All or None: No Stable Hybrid or Half-Way Solutions for Launching the Learned Periodical Literature into the Post-Gutenberg Galaxy." In ''The Impact of Electronic Publishing on the Academic Community: An International Workshop Organized by the Academia Europaea and the Wenner-Gren Foundation'', dited by I. Butterworth. London: Portland Press, 1998. http://www.portlandpress.com/pp/books/online/tiepac/session1/ch5.htm
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*Harnad, S., Brody, T., Vallieres, F., Carr, L., Hitchcock, S., Gingras, Y, Oppenheim, C., Stamerjohanns, H., & Hilf, E. (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access. Serials Review 30. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/impact.html
 
*Harnad, S., Brody, T., Vallieres, F., Carr, L., Hitchcock, S., Gingras, Y, Oppenheim, C., Stamerjohanns, H., & Hilf, E. (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access. Serials Review 30. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/impact.html
 
*Harnad, S. & Brody, T. (2004) Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals, D-Lib Magazine 10 (6) June http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june04/harnad/06harnad.html Japanese translation http://www.nii.ac.jp/metadata/irp/harnad/
 
*Harnad, S. & Brody, T. (2004) Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals, D-Lib Magazine 10 (6) June http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june04/harnad/06harnad.html Japanese translation http://www.nii.ac.jp/metadata/irp/harnad/
*Brody, T. and Harnad, S. (2004) Using Web Statistics as a Predictor of Citation Impact http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/timcorr.doc
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*Shadbolt, N., Brody, T., Carr, L. and Harnad, S. (2006) The Open Research Web: A Preview of the Optimal and the Inevitable, in Jacobs, N., Eds. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects, chapter 21. Chandos. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12453/
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*Swan, A. (2005) JISC Open Access Briefing Paper. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11005/
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*Swan, A. (2005) Open access self-archiving: An Introduction. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11006/
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*Swan, A. (2006) Overview of scholarly communication, in Jacobs, N., Eds. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects, chapter 1. Chandos. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12427/
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*Swan, A. (2006) The culture of Open Access: researchers’ views and responses, in Jacobs, N., Eds. Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects, chapter 7. Chandos. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12428/
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*Swan, A. and Brown, S. (2004) ISC/OSI JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Report. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11002/
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*Swan, A. and Brown, S. (2004) Authors and open access publishing. Learned Publishing 17(3) pp. 219-224. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11003/
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*Swan, A. and Brown, S. (2005) Open access self-archiving: An author study. Technical Report, External Collaborators, Key Perspectives Inc. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10999/
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*Swan, A., Needham, P., Probets, S., Muir, A., Oppenheim, C., O’Brien, A., Hardy, R., Rowland, F. and Brown, S. (2005) Developing a model for e-prints and open access journal content in UK further and higher education. Learned Publishing 18(1) pp. 25-40. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11000/
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*Swan, A., Needham, P., Probets, S., Muir, A., Oppenheim, C., O’Brien, A., Hardy, R. and Rowland, F. (2005) Delivery, Management and Access Model for E-prints and Open Access Journals within Further and Higher Education. Technical Report, JISC, HEFCE. http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11001/
   
 
[[Category:Academic publishing]]
 
[[Category:Academic publishing]]
 
 
 
 
[[Category:Archives]]
 
 
{{enWP|Self-archiving}}
 
{{enWP|Self-archiving}}

Latest revision as of 06:27, June 25, 2006

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Self-archiving involves depositing a free copy of a digital document on the World Wide Web in order to provide open access to it. The term usually refers to the self-archiving of peer reviewed research journal and conference articles as well as theses, deposited in the author's own Open Archives Initiative-compliant institutional repository or open archive for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and citation impact.

Self-archiving was first explicitly proposed as a universal practice by Stevan Harnad in his 1994 posting "Subversive Proposal", although computer scientists had been doing it spontaneously in anonymous FTP archives since at least the '80's (see CiteSeer) and physicists since the early '90s on the web (see arXiv).

About 94% of peer-reviewed journals already endorse authors self-archiving preprint and/or postprint versions of their papers. Whereas the right to self-archive postprints is a copyright matter, the right to self-archive preprints is merely a question of journal policy.

See also Edit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

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