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Schizophrenia and mothering

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Quality of mothering and factors such as maternal deprivation and maternal neglect have been shown to be linked to schizophrenia

Association with loss of motherEdit

Loss of mother during childhood is significantly higher in schizophrenics than for other diagnoses (Freidman et al, 2002).and for those with a first episode of psychosis they were 2.3 times more likely than a control group to have had their mothers die before they were sixteen (Morgan et al 2007). Both these findings were significant after controlling for parental history of mental illness.

==Association with unwanted pregnancy In Finland (Myhrman et al 1996) and the United States (Herman et al 2006), people whose pregnancies had been unwanted are 2.5 and 1.75 times more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia.


ReferencesEdit

  • Friedman S, Smith L, Fogel D, Paradis C, Viswanathan R, Ackerman R, et al. (2002)The incidence and influence of early traumatic life events in patients with panic disorder: comparison with other psychiatric outpatients. Anx Disord,16(3):259-272.
  • Herman D, Brown A, Opler M, Desai M, Malaspina D, Bresnahan M, et al. (2006) Does unwantedness of pregnancy predict schizophrenia in the offspring? Findings

from a prospective birth cohort study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol,4(8):605-610.

  • Morgan C, Kirkbride J, Leff J, Craig T, Hutchinson G, McKenzie K, et al. (2007). Parental

separation, loss and psychosis in different ethnic groups: a case-control study. Psychol Med ;37(4):495-503.

  • Myhrman A, Rantakallio P, Isohanni M, Jones P, Partanen U. (1996). Unwantedness of a pregnancy and schizophrenia in the child. Br J Psychiatry ;169(5):637-640.

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