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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Rudolf Dreikurs (February 8 1897, Vienna - May 25 1972, Chicago) was an American psychiatrist and educator who developed psychologist Alfred Adler's system of individual psychology into a pragmatic method for understanding the purposes of reprehensible behaviour in children and for stimulating cooperative behaviour without punishment or reward.
He suggested that human misbehavior is the result of not having one of four basic human needs met:
Dreikurs' main theory dealt with misbehavior of pre-adolescents. He reasoned that these students will “act out” based on four, principled, "mistaken goals." The first reason for their misbehavior is that they desire attention. If they do not receive the attention they crave through their actions (good or bad, e.g doing well on a paper or throwing a tantrum), they move onto seeking power (e.g. they may refuse to complete a paper). If their power struggle is thwarted, they try to get revenge. If even revenge does not get the desired response, they begin to feel inadequate. His books list many ways to combat these behaviors. His overall goal was that students would learn to cooperate reasonably without being penalized or rewarded because they would feel that they are valuable contributors to the classroom.
- A Parent's Guide to Child Discipline by Rudolf Dreikurs and Loren Grey
- The Challenge of Marriage
- The Challenge of Parenthood
- Children: The Challenge by Rudolf Dreikurs, Vicki Soltz
- Coping With Children's Misbehavior, a Parent's Guide
- Discipline Without Tears by Rudolf Dreikurs, et al
- Encouraging Children to Learn by Rudolf Dreikurs, Don, Sr. Dinkmeyer
- Family council: the Dreikurs technique for putting an end to war between parents and children (and between children and children)
- Fundamentals of Adlerian Psychology
- Maintaining Sanity in the Classroom: Classroom Management Techniques by Rudolf Dreikurs, et al
- New Approach to Discipline: Logical Consequences
- Psychology in the Classroom: A Manual for Teachers
- Social Equality the Challenge of Today
- The Courage to Be Imperfect: The Life and Work of Rudolf Dreikurs Biography by Janet Terner, W.L. Pew. New York 1978
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