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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test

The Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Study is a projective personality measure of the respondents approach to dealing with hypothesized frustration. The test was developed by Saul Rosenzweig and published in 1948 [1]


The measure consists of 24 cards on which are cartoon drawings of obviously frustrating interpersonal situations. In the pictures two characters are depicted with speech ballons coming out of their mouths. Seperate versions are available for use with children and adolescents]]


As the script of the antagonist is filled in their ballon, respondents are asked to imagine they are the other person and what would they say in this situation.

The test take 15-20 minutes to administer.


Responses are scored on nine factors, derived from three types of aggression (obstacle-dominance, ego-defense, and need-persistence) and three directions of aggression (extraggression, imaggression, and intraggression) derived from psychoanalytic theory and related to the defense mechanisms.


In terms of face validity one would need to assume that peoples self report about how they would react is a good predictor of their actual behavior in frustrating situations. Would high scorers necessarily respond with patterns of aggressive behavior to everyday stress?


  1. Rosenzweig, S. (1978). The RosenWeig Picture Frustration (P-F) Study. St Loius: Rana House.

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