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Social Processes: Methodology · Types of test

The Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, a projective personality measure and is a test of latent hostility[1] . It was developed by Saul Rosenzweig


Each of the three forms (child, adolescent, and adult) consists of 24 comic strip pictures that portray a situation that might induce frustration.


The test is usually considered a semi-projective technique and involves an examinee responding verbally to a semi-ambiguous picture scenario.


The overall purpose of the study is to assess how the examinee responds to frustration and frustrating situations. The test assumes that the way that the examinee responds to each frustrating situation depicts how they behave in the face of frustration. The worth of this test is based on how aggression is conceptualized into three types.

  • The first direction of aggression can be extragressive meaning that it is turned onto the environment.
  • The second direction is intraggressive meaning that it is turned by the examinee onto the self.

The final direction is imaggressive which means that it is evaded in an attempt to gloss over the frustration.


the P-F Study interscorer reliability is in the range of .80 to .85. The test-retest reliability is fair to marginal.[2]


See alsoEdit


  1. . (2007), Outline of Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study, Violence Institute of New Jersey,, retrieved on 20 November 2010 
  2. Gregory, Robert. Psychological Testing. Boston: Pearson, 2007.

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