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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Role taking involves the perception and understanding of a situation from the point of view of others who are involved. This is a complex process of social perception. One has to overcome ones own egocentrism and intuitively draw on a theory of mind,a grasp of the processes of role perception and role playing and allay this with a broad understanding of social behavior in order to achieve this task. Without this ability role modelling would be an empty exercise and severly limit the posibilities of social learning
Role taking in clinical populationsEdit
The ability to do this can be impaired in some people, for example those with autism
Role taking and moral educationEdit
American psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg who specialized in research on moral education and reasoning, believed children needed to be in an environment that allowed for open and public discussion of day-to-day conflicts and problems to develop their moral reasoning ability. Kohlberg also sometimes speaks of change occurring through role-taking opportunities, opportunities to consider others' viewpoints. As children interact with others, they learn how viewpoints differ and how to coordinate them in cooperative activities. As they discuss their problems and work out their differences, they develop their conceptions of what is fair and just.
- Identification (psychodynamic)
- Karpman drama triangle
- Social role taking theory of hypnosis
- Symbolic interactionism
- ↑ Kohlberg, L., Wasserman, E., & Richardson, N. (1975). The ideology of the Just Community School. In Recent papers on moral education, Kohlberg, L. (Ed.)., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- ↑ Kohlberg, L. (1985). The just community approach to moral education in theory and practice. In Berkowitz, M.N. & Oser, F. (Eds.), Moral education: Theory and application. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- ↑ Kohlberg, L., Higgins, A., Power, F. C., (1989). Lawrence Kohlberg's Approach to Moral Education (Critical Assessments of Contemporary Psychology) Columbia University Press.