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Dr. Robert L. Spitzer is a Professor of Psychiatry at Columbia University in New York City, United States. He was chair of the task force of the third edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) which was released in 1980. He has been referred to as a major architect of the modern classification of mental disorders which involves classifying mental disorders in discrete categories, with specified diagnostic criteria.

Views on homosexuality Edit

He was controversial in 1973 for arguing that homosexuality is not a clinical disorder. The mainstream psychiatric community agreed, and declassified homosexuality from its list of mental disorders.

In 2001, Spitzer delivered a controversial paper at the 2001 annual APA meeting arguing that "highly motivated" individuals could "successfully" change their sexual orientation from homosexual to heterosexual. The APA immediately issued an official disavowal of the paper, noting that it had not been peer reviewed and bluntly stating that "There is no published scientific evidence supporting the efficacy of reparative therapy as a treatment to change one's sexual orientation.

Two years later, Spitzer published the paper in the Archives of Sexual Behavior.[1] The publication decision sparked controversy and one sponsoring member resigned in protest. The paper has been criticized on various grounds, including using non-random sampling and poor criteria for "success" [2].

Books Edit


  • Critical Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis (mit Donald F. Klein), Raven 1978, ISBN 0-89004-213-6
  • Dsm 111 Casebook, American Psychiatric Publications 1981, ISBN 0-89042-051-3
  • Treatment of Mental Disorders (mit James W. Jefferson), Oxford University Press 1982, ISBN 0-19-503107-5
  • Psychopathology, a Case Book (mit Janet B.W. Williams und Andrew E. Skodol), McGraw-Hill 1983, ISBN 0-07-060350-2
  • DSM-111 Case Book: Casebook to 3r.e (Diagnostic), Cambridge University Press, 1985, ISBN 0-521-31530-1
  • APA: Desk Reference to DSM III R: Desk Reference to the Diagnostic Criteria of 3r.e (Diagnostic), Cambridge University Press, 1987, ISBN 0-521-34693-2
  • An Annotated Bibliography of Dsm III, 1987, ISBN 0-88048-257-5
  • Scid-P, 1990, ISBN 0-88048-411-X
  • Dsm-IV Casebook: A Learning Companion to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 1994, ISBN 0-88048-675-9
  • Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), 1997, ISBN 0-88048-931-6
  • International Perspectives on Dms-Iii, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association 1998, ISBN 0-88048-017-3
  • Dsm-IV-Tr Casebook: A Learning Companion to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association 2002, ISBN 1-58562-058-0
  • Treatment Companion to the Dsm-IV-Tr Casebook, American Psychiatric Association 2004, ISBN 1-58562-139-0
  • Dsm-IV-Tr Casebook, Volume 2, American Psychiatric Association 2006, ISBN 1-58562-219-2

External links Edit


  1. Can Some Gay Men and Lesbians Change Their Sexual Orientation? 200 Participants Reporting a Change from Homosexual to Heterosexual Orientation (Archives of Sexual Behavior, October 2003, p.403-417) PMID 14567650

de:Robert L. Spitzer

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