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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
According to the hunting hypothesis, hunting activity and the eating of meat had strong effects on human evolution. Ardrey believed that early African humans survived long dry periods through heavy hunting activity which distinguished them from other primates.
The killer ape theory posits that aggression was the primary characteristic that distinguished human ancestors from other primates and that the urge to do violence is retained in modern humans.
In the academic setting, this theory of aggression was proposed by Washburn and Lancaster. Ardrey's African Genesis (1961), along with another book, On Aggression by ethologist Konrad Lorenz, were popularizations of the ideas put forth by Washburn and Lancaster.
Scientists whose work informed Ardrey's investigations, and/or with whom he consulted at length in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s while developing his four books, include W.C. Allee, C.K. Brain, Robert Broom, C.R. Carpenter, Raymond Dart, Eliot Howard, L.S.B. Leakey, Eugene Marais, and Kenneth P. Oakley.
- African Genesis: A Personal Investigation into the Animal Origins and Nature of Man (1961)
- The Territorial Imperative: A Personal Inquiry into the Animal Origins of Property and Nations (1966)
- The Social Contract: A Personal Inquiry into the Evolutionary Sources of Order and Disorder (1970)
- The Hunting Hypothesis: A Personal Conclusion Concerning the Evolutionary Nature of Man (1976)
Plays and screenplaysEdit
- Star Spangled (1936)
- Casey Jones (1938)
- God and Texas (1938)
- How To Get Tough About It (1938)
- Thunder Rock (1939) (filmed in 1943)
- Jeb (1946)
- Sing Me No Lullaby (1954)
- Shadow Of Heroes (1958) (also known as Stone and Star)
- They Knew What They Wanted (1940)
- A Lady Takes a Chance (1943)
- The Green Years (1946)
- Song of Love (1947)
- The Three Musketeers (1948)
- Madame Bovary (1949 film)|Madame Bovary (1949)
- The Secret Garden (1949)
- The Schumann Story (1950)
- Quentin Durward (1955)
- The Power and the Prize (1956)
- The Wonderful Country (1959)
- Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1962)
- Khartoum (1966)
Prizes and awardsEdit
- Sergel Drama prize, 1935
- Guggenheim fellowship, 1937
- Sidney Howard Memorial prize, 1940
- Theresa Helburn memorial award, 1961
- Willkie Brothers grant, for anthropology, 1963
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
- Biography from the All Movie Guide on The New York Times
- Biography on the Minnesota State University EMuseum website
- Robert Ardrey at The Internet Movie Database
- Excerpts from Ardrey's book African Genesis
- Recent investigations into the prehuman transition (central to Ardrey's theses) from forest to savannah
- Review of 1942 British film made from Ardrey's play "Thunder Rock"
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