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Retrograde amnesia

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Name of Symptom/Sign:
Retrograde amnesia
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ICD-10 R41.2
ICD-O: {{{ICDO}}}
ICD-9 780.9
OMIM {{{OMIM}}}
MedlinePlus {{{MedlinePlus}}}
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DiseasesDB {{{DiseasesDB}}}

Retrograde amnesia is a form of amnesia where someone will be unable to recall events that occurred before the onset of amnesia. The term is used to categorise patterns of symptoms, rather than to indicate a particular cause or etiology. Both retrograde amnesia and anterograde amnesia can occur together in the same patient, and commonly result from damage to the brain regions most closely associated with episodic/declarative memory: the medial temporal lobes and especially the hippocampus.

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References & Bibliography

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Papers

  • Brown, A. S. (2002). Consolidation theory and retrograde amnesia in humans , Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9, 403-25.
  • Kim, J. J., and Fanselow, M. S. (1992). Modality-specific retrograde amnesia of fear , Science 256, 675-7
  • Squire, L. R. and Alvarez, P. (1995). Retrograde amnesia and memory consolidation: a neurobiological perspective , Current Opinion in Neurobiology 5, 169-77.
  • Squire, L. R., Slater, P. C., and Chace, P. M. (1975). Retrograde amnesia: temporal gradient in very long-term memory following electroconvulsive therapy , Science 187, 77-9


  • Williams, M. (1969) Traumatic retrograde amnesia and normal forgetting. In: G.A. Talland and N.C. Waught (eds) The Pathology of Memory, New York: Academic Press.

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