Wikia

Psychology Wiki

Changes: Retinene

Edit

Back to page

(Replacing page with 'fuck me harder bitch')
m (Reverted edits by 198.30.5.85 (Talk); changed back to last version by Lifeartist)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
fuck me harder bitch
+
{{Biopsy}}
  +
  +
[[Image:Rhodopsin_in_the_membrane.png|500px|thumb|A '''[[rhodopsin|rhodopsin molecule]]''' (yellow) in the cell membrane (blue); the '''[[retinal|retinal molecule]]''' molecule is shown in orange]]
  +
The '''Retinenes''' (Retinene<sub>1</sub> and Retinene<sub>2</sub>) are chemical derivatives of the dietary supplement [[vitamin]] A (see [[retinol]]) formed through [[oxidation]] reactions.
  +
  +
Retinene<sub>1</sub> is better known as '''retinaldehyde''' or simply [[retinal]] and is fundamental in the transduction of light into visual signals in the [[photoreceptor]] level of the [[retina]]. Retinene<sub>2</sub> is more formally known as '''dehydroretinaldehyde'''.
  +
  +
The energy of impinging [[photon]]s will convert retinaldehyde from an 11-cis [[isomer]] into an all-trans form. In the retina, this conversion induces a conformational change in the surrounding [[photopsin]] [[protein]] pigment, leading to signaling through the [[G protein]] [[transducin]]. Retinaldehyde also forms a part of [[bacteriorhodopsin]], a light-induced [[proton pump]] found in some [[archaea]].
  +
  +
Experimentally, it is possible to replace 11-cis retinaldehyde by perfusing retinal tissue preparations with retinaldehyde derivatives. Selective modification of the retinaldehyde structure, particularly the density of electrons in the [[Pi bonding molecular orbital|π-orbital]]s, can lead to insights into the interaction between the retinaldehyde moiety and the surrounding pigment protein.
  +
  +
==See also==
  +
*[[Retinal]]
  +
  +
  +
  +
[[Category:Aldehydes]]
  +
  +
[[de:Retinal]]
  +
[[pl:Retinal]]
  +
[[zh:视黄醛]]
  +
{{enWP|Retinene}}

Latest revision as of 17:18, November 7, 2007

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |

Biological: Behavioural genetics · Evolutionary psychology · Neuroanatomy · Neurochemistry · Neuroendocrinology · Neuroscience · Psychoneuroimmunology · Physiological Psychology · Psychopharmacology (Index, Outline)


Rhodopsin in the membrane

A rhodopsin molecule (yellow) in the cell membrane (blue); the retinal molecule molecule is shown in orange

The Retinenes (Retinene1 and Retinene2) are chemical derivatives of the dietary supplement vitamin A (see retinol) formed through oxidation reactions.

Retinene1 is better known as retinaldehyde or simply retinal and is fundamental in the transduction of light into visual signals in the photoreceptor level of the retina. Retinene2 is more formally known as dehydroretinaldehyde.

The energy of impinging photons will convert retinaldehyde from an 11-cis isomer into an all-trans form. In the retina, this conversion induces a conformational change in the surrounding photopsin protein pigment, leading to signaling through the G protein transducin. Retinaldehyde also forms a part of bacteriorhodopsin, a light-induced proton pump found in some archaea.

Experimentally, it is possible to replace 11-cis retinaldehyde by perfusing retinal tissue preparations with retinaldehyde derivatives. Selective modification of the retinaldehyde structure, particularly the density of electrons in the π-orbitals, can lead to insights into the interaction between the retinaldehyde moiety and the surrounding pigment protein.

See alsoEdit

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki