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A resource room is a separate special education classroom in a regular school where some students with educational disabilities, such as specific learning disabilities, receive direct, specialized instruction as individuals or in small groups. These classrooms are staffed by special education teachers and sometimes educational assistants. The number of students in a resource room at a specific time varies from state, but generally consists of at most five students per teacher. Teachers focus on particular goals as mandated by an Individualized Education Program and remediate general education curriculum. Some programs emphasize the development of executive skills, including homework completion and behavior.[1]Depending on individual needs, students usually attend resource rooms three to five times per week for about forty five minutes per day. Some research has suggested these classrooms are of particular benefit to students with language-based learning disabilities.[2] Other research has indicated that students show growth in visuo-motor perception, arithmetic, spelling and overal self-perception through time in the resource room classroom.[3]Students using these services are typically considered included, rather than segregated or mainstreamed, because they attend other classes with their peers, especially at the secondary level. Students often benefit from "reteaching" of core concepts taught initially general education classroom and reinforced in resource rooms[4] via the small-group instructional model, which has been shown to lead to achievement in students with a multitude of educational disabilities.[5][6]


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References Edit

  1. T. Lamminmaki, T. Ahonen, H. T. de Barra, A. Tolvanen, K. Michelsson, and H. Lyytinen. (1997)Comparing Efficacies of Neurocognitive Treatment and Homework Assistance Programs for Children with Learning Difficulties.Journal of Learning Disabilities, May 1, 1997; 30(3): 333 - 345.
  2. Hagaman, J.L., & Reid, R. (2008) The effects of paraphrasing strategy on the reading comprehension of middle school students at risk for failure in reading. Remedial and Special Education, 29(4), 222-234
  3. An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Resource Rooms for Children with Specific Learning Disablities Lawrence H. Weiner Journal of Learning Disabilities, Apr 1969; vol. 2: pp. 223 - 229.
  4. Macbeth in the Resource Room: Students with Learning Disabilities Study Shakespeare Sue Thorson Journal of Learning Disabilities, Nov 1995; vol. 28: pp. 575 - 581.
  5. Marzano, R.J., Pickering, D.J., & Pollock, J.E. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Reearch-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VAL Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
  6. Effects of a Short-Term Intervention Resource-Room Program On Task Orientation and Achievement Peter D. O'Connor, Gary B. Stuck, and Marvin D. Wyne Journal of Special Education, Dec 1979; vol. 13: pp. 375 - 385.

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