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Because of the importance of resilience in coping with the demands of life research has focused on evaluating the capacities of adolescents and the effectiveness of programmes designed to increase the resilience as a preparation for adult life.
Two important principles that have been discovered in cumulative risk and resilience are those of developmental trajectories and clustering of factors. (Cairins & Cairns, n.d.).
References & BibliographyEdit
- Benard, B. (2004) Resiliency, What We Have Learned. Oakland, CA: WestEd.
- Harvey, J. & DelFabbro, P. H. (2004). Psychological resilience in disadvantaged youth: A critical overview. Australian Psychologist, 39, 1, 3-13.
- Neill, J. T., & Dias, K. L. (2001). Adventure education and resilience: The double-edged sword. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 1(2), 35-42.
- Stevenson, F., & Zimmerman, M. A. (2005). Adolescent resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. Annual Review of Public Health, 26, 399-419.
- What is psychological resilience? - Wilderdom
- Classroom simulation based on Cairns and Cairns's landmark longitudinal study of adolescents (with notes for running the simulation)
- WestEd CHKS Resilience & Youth Development - Resilience Section of WestEd's California Healthy Kids Survey Website
- 40 developmental assets - Search Institute