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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Recognition tests are unique in that participants are not required to produce a word from memory as a part of the test. Instead, participants are literally shown a word, and are asked to report whether it was a word they studied or not. In addition to showing all of the studied words, recognition tests typically show a large number of non-studied words. Consequently, not only is it typical to measure how often participants correctly recognize studied items (called hits), but also how often they incorrectly recognize non-studied items (called false alarms).
Comparing the difference between these two proportions is called d', a statistic measuring the ability to discriminate between studied and non-studied items, and has been used to represent retrieval-induced forgetting. Reaction time is also used to represent RIF, where slower reaction times are thought to represent more difficulty in recognizing the studied item.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Román, Patricia, Soriano, M.F., Gómez-Ariza, C.J., & Bajo, M.T. (2009). Retrieval-Induced Forgetting and Executive Control. Psychological Science 20 (9): 1053-1058.
- ↑ Spitzer, Bernhard, Bäuml, K. (2007). Retrieval-Induced Forgetting in Item Recognition: Evidence for a Reduction in General Memory Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 83 (5): 863-875.
- ↑ Veling, Harm, Van Knippenberg, A. (204). Remembering Can Cause Inhibition: Retrieval-Induced Inhibition as Cue Independent Process. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 30 (2): 315-318.