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Raymond Dean

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Raymond Dean (born September 24, 1946 in New York) is the George and Frances Ball Distinguished Professor of Neuropsychology and professor of psychology at Ball State University.

Early history Edit

Dean's interest in Neuropsychology was evident in studies of biology and psychology at the State University of New York at Albany. There he received a B.A. (Magna cum Laude) in Psychology and an M.S. in Psychological Research and Psychometrics. As a Parachek-Frazier Research Fellow, he was awarded a Ph.D. in school/child clinical psychology in 1978 by Arizona State University and contact with Professor Ralph Reitan and Raymond Kulhavy. His neuropsychological internship was at the Arizona Neuropsychiatric Hospital and postdoctoral training at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Since that time, Professor Dean has been an active scholar focusing on localation theory,hemispheric laterization and assessment of Cognitive Neuropsychology features.He has held faculty and clinical appointments at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Distinguished Visiting Faculty of the NIMH Staff College, and Ball State University and Director of Neuropsychology,at the Indiana Institute of Neuroscience, St. Vincent Medical Center and Hospital

Early on, Dean(1985a) stressed, the utility of neuropsychological assessment as a tool in the diagnoses, severaity and localization of brain dysfunction.[1] Yet he argued counter to the notion of small well defined-lo99.62.107.216 02:31, September 9, 2010 (UTC)ons of most cognitive functions of for the of need for specificity of functions measured by these tests (e.g. memory).

1980s Edit

Early in the 1980s, Dean argued that without a functional bases to tests the increase in scanning technology would have decrease the efficacy of neuropsychological assessment.[2] His concerns were realized with both the sophistication and geometric growth of radiological scanning techniques over the past 30 years. These computer driven scanning devices such as the CT scan , and more recently the less invasive MRI,and fMRI have begun offered microscopic views of the soft tissue of the central nervous system that was not possible prior to the early 1970s when skull x-rays were the state of the art.

Dean stressed the importance of neuropsychological examinations which assesses individual functions, rehabilitation approaches as well as the method of defining adaptive behavior remaining following[ brain damage].[3] Although definitive knowledge concerning the anatomical integrity of the brain may be available, individual differences are such that the specific prediction of behavioral, cognitive and emotional expression of a given lesion is rare. Moreover, Professor Dean portrayed the future of neuropsychological assessment as influenced this continuing need to understand the patient’s behavioral deficits and planning interventions. This was a clear departure from the traditional ,atheoretical , accuraly bases seen in many long standing batteries. Dean’s concerns dovetailed with the work of Dr. Woodcock,[4],Cattell[5]and Horn[6] known as (Gf-Gc theory) and later as the Cattell, Horn & Carroll Model (CHC)[7] which is an empirically derived theory of multiple cognitive abilities. The Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Model integrated the CHC Information Processing Model and the foundations of neuropsychology measures.[8] Neuropsychological functioning, according to this model represented an interaction of various cognitive, noncognitive, emotional and sensory motor functions. Thus, the Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Assessment Battery was adapted from the [Dean-Woodcock Model] , integrating information processing features as a foundation for neuropsychology assessment.[9]

Current work Edit

During his career, Dean has published numerous articles, books and tests in Neuropsychology. Most recently Dr. Dean co-authored the Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Assessment System (Dean & Woodcock, 2001) and the Dean-Woodcock Neuropsychological Sensory Motor Battery.[10] During his work Dean was elected Fellow of the American Psychological Association(Divisions: Clinical, Educational, School and Clinical Neuropsychology), the National Academy of Neuropsychology, and the American Psychopathological Association.

Clinically active, Dean holds a Diploma from the American Board of Professional Psychology and the American Board of Professional Neuropsychology. He serves as Director of the Neuropsychology Laboratory at [Ball State University] and Director of Neuropsychology, Indiana Neuroscience Institute, St. Vincent Hospital and Health Care Center. Professor Dean was the founder and editor-in-chief of both the Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology and the Bulletin of the National Academy of Neuropsychology. He served as editor-in-chief of the Journal of School Psychology and edits the Journal of Head Injury. Dean has been recognized for his accomplishments with the Lightner Witmer Award (A.P.A., Div. 16), an Outstanding Contribution Award from the National Academy of Neuropsychology, and the Richard E. Snow Research Award (APA, Div. 15). More recently, his accomplishments were recognized by the National Academy of Neuropsychology, the Journal of School Psychology, the Clinical Neuropsychology Division of APA, the [Lifetime Achievement Award in Neuropsychology] (National Association of School Psychologists), and the National Academy of Neuropsychology’s [President’s Medal of Achievement]. Professor Dean has served as President of both the Clinical Neuropsychology Division of the APA and the National Academy of Neuropsychology.

ReferencesEdit

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