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Racetams are a class of nootropic drugs that share a pyrrolidine nucleus. The racetams are understood to work by activating glutamate receptors that are colocalized with cholinergic receptors, thus increasing the firing of the latter. The racetams consequently increase memory capacity by nearly the same method as the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.
- Piracetam - The first of the racetams to be discovered (in the mid-1960s); water-soluble racetam
- Aniracetam - Fat-soluble racetam; popular in Japan[How to reference and link to summary or text]
- Oxiracetam - Water-soluble racetam
- Pramiracetam - Fat-soluble racetam
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