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{{PhilPsy}}
 
{{PhilPsy}}
'''Psychologism''' is a generic type of position in philosophy according to which psychology plays a central role in grounding or explaining some other, non-psychological type of fact or law. The most common types of psychologism are logical psychologism and mathematical psychologism.
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'''Psychologism''' is a generic type of position in philosophy according to which psychology plays a central role in grounding or explaining some other, non-psychological type of fact or law. Although some regard the proposition that philosophical questions can be answered by empirical (psychological) means as a [[fallacy]].
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<ref> [[William O'Donohue|O'Donohue]], W. and Kitchener, R.F. (1996). The Philosophy of Psychology. London:Sage. </ref>
   
Logical psychologism is a position in logic (or the philosophy of logic) according to which [[laws of logic|logical laws]] are grounded in, derived from or explained by [[psychology|psychological facts (or laws)]]. Psychologism in the [[philosophy|philosophy of mathematics]] is the position that [[mathematics|mathematical concepts and/or truths]] are grounded in, derived from or explained by psychological facts (or laws).
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The most common types of psychologism are logical psychologism and mathematical psychologism.
   
[[John Stuart Mill]] seems to have been an advocate of a type of logical psychologism, as were many Nineteenth-Century German logicians such as Sigwart and Erdmann. Psychologism was famously criticized by [[Frege]] in his review of [[Husserl|Husserl's]] ''[[Philosophy of Arithmetic]]''. In the Prolegomenon to his "[[Logical Investigations]]" Husserl himself criticized psychologism and sought to distance himself from it.
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*'''Logical psychologism''' is a position in logic (or the philosophy of logic) according to which [[laws of logic|logical laws]] are grounded in, derived from or explained by [[psychology|psychological facts (or laws)]].
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*'''Mathematical psychologism''' in the [[philosophy|philosophy of mathematics]] is the position that [[mathematics|mathematical concepts and/or truths]] are grounded in, derived from or explained by psychological facts (or laws).
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[[John Stuart Mill]] seems to have been an advocate of a type of logical psychologism (although his rejection of a static ontology arguably makes his psychologism flexible enough to accommodate its detractors' criticisms), as were many nineteenth-century German logicians such as [[Christoph von Sigwart|Sigwart]] and [[Johann Eduard Erdmann|Erdmann]] as well as a number of [[psychologists]], past and present: for example, [[Gustave Le Bon]]. Psychologism was famously criticized by [[Gottlob Frege|Frege]] in his ''The Foundations of Arithmetic'', and many of his works and essays, including his review of [[Husserl|Husserl's]] ''[[Philosophy of Arithmetic]]''. Edmund Husserl, in the first volume of his ''[[Logical Investigations (Husserl)|Logical Investigations]]'', called "The Prolegomena of Pure Logic", criticized psychologism thoroughly and sought to distance himself from it. The "Prolegomena" is considered a more concise, fair, and thorough refutation of psychologism than the criticisms made by Frege, and also it is considered today by many as being a memorable refutation for its decisive blow to psychologism. Psychologism was also criticized by [[Charles Sanders Peirce]] and [[Maurice Merleau-Ponty]].
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==See also==
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* [[Anti-psychologism]]
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* [[Logicism]]
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* [[Naturalized epistemology]]
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==References==
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<references/>
   
 
==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
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* [http://www.geocities.com/philodept/diwatao/husserl_critique.htm Husserl's Criticism of Psychologism]
 
* [http://www.geocities.com/philodept/diwatao/husserl_critique.htm Husserl's Criticism of Psychologism]
   
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{{enWP|Psychologism}}
   
   

Revision as of 06:44, October 12, 2012

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Psychologism is a generic type of position in philosophy according to which psychology plays a central role in grounding or explaining some other, non-psychological type of fact or law. Although some regard the proposition that philosophical questions can be answered by empirical (psychological) means as a fallacy. [1]

The most common types of psychologism are logical psychologism and mathematical psychologism.

John Stuart Mill seems to have been an advocate of a type of logical psychologism (although his rejection of a static ontology arguably makes his psychologism flexible enough to accommodate its detractors' criticisms), as were many nineteenth-century German logicians such as Sigwart and Erdmann as well as a number of psychologists, past and present: for example, Gustave Le Bon. Psychologism was famously criticized by Frege in his The Foundations of Arithmetic, and many of his works and essays, including his review of Husserl's Philosophy of Arithmetic. Edmund Husserl, in the first volume of his Logical Investigations, called "The Prolegomena of Pure Logic", criticized psychologism thoroughly and sought to distance himself from it. The "Prolegomena" is considered a more concise, fair, and thorough refutation of psychologism than the criticisms made by Frege, and also it is considered today by many as being a memorable refutation for its decisive blow to psychologism. Psychologism was also criticized by Charles Sanders Peirce and Maurice Merleau-Ponty.

See also

References

  1. O'Donohue, W. and Kitchener, R.F. (1996). The Philosophy of Psychology. London:Sage.

Further reading

  • Stam, H. J. (2000). Logic or psychologism: Smedslund's psycho-logic and health. Journal of Health Psychology, 5, 161-164. Full text

External links

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