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Psychological first aid

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Psychological first aid (PFA) is the use of pragmatic-oriented interventions delivered during the immediate impact phase to individuals who are experiencing acute stress reactions or who appear unable to regain sufficient functional equilibrium by themselves (Young, 2006). The intent of PFA is to aid adaptive coping and problem solving. PFA includes interventions geared toward:

  • Safety
  • Calming/stabilization
  • Connectedness to others
  • Increasing self-efficacy and empowerment
  • Hope

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