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Individual differences |
Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology |
Psychological Types is the title of the sixth volume in the Princeton / Bollingen edition of the Collected Works of Carl Jung. The original German language edition, "Psychologische Typen", was first published by Rascher Verlag, Zurich in 1921. In the book Jung categorized people into primary types of psychological function.
Jung proposed four main functions of consciousness:
The functions are modified by two main attitude types: extraversion and introversion. Jung theorized that the dominant function characterizes consciousness, while its opposite is repressed and characterizes unconscious behavior.
The eight psychological types are as follows:
- Extraverted sensation
- Introverted sensation
- Extraverted intuition
- Introverted intuition
- Extraverted thinking
- Introverted thinking
- Extraverted feeling
- Introverted feeling
Many theories of personality have been developed from ancient to modern times. These include:
- Three modern ones built upon or closely associated with Jung's personality types:
- Eysenck's three factor model
- Big Five personality traits
- Enneagram of Personality
- 16 Personality Factors
Theories based on the ancient Greek theory of 4 humors:
- Kaleidoscope Forum Jungian Discussion Forum.