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A loose coalition of people feeling betrayed by psychiatry have come together to promote legal and treatment alternatives as members of the psychiatric survivors movement. The "psychiatric survivors movement" is also called the "consumer survivors movement."
Rejection of psychiatric doctrine and/or practices
A number of people considered ill and needing treatment by specific psychiatrists or psychiatric doctrine in general do not perceive benefit from the services offered or forced upon them. Many respond with outrage to both the system of values which judges them to be ill, and the coercive and violent nature of interventions made in the name of "help". Some have suffered through sexual abuse or physical torture (e.g. insulin shock therapy) by psychiatrists; others have had loved ones killed by psychiatrists (see Chelmsford royal commission). Though there are perhaps earlier inspirations for this such as antipsychiatry and the opposition of surrealism to psychiatry, the psychiatric survivors movement grew out of these experiences. Other souces include "the civil rights movement."
History of movement
The beginning of a formal movement is often attributed to Howard Geld, or Howie the Harp, and the formation of the Insane Liberation Front in Portland, Oregon in 1969. Many other local initiatives followed, many of them with Howie's direct participation and most owing to his articulation of peer alternatives to traditional treatment methods, and demonstrated success in funding and operating peer-operated service centers. A coalition of such programs meets annually at the Alternatives conference.
MindFreedom International and the World Network of Users and Survivors of Psychiatry have also played important roles in the psychiatric survivors movement.
- Biological psychiatry
- Care in the Community
- Chemical imbalance theory
- History of mental illness
- International Center for the Study of Psychiatry and Psychology
- Involuntary commitment
- New Freedom Commission on Mental Health
- Outpatient commitment
- Psychiatric hospital
- Texas Medication Algorithm Project
- Tristano-Ajmone.oism.info - personal website of an Italian survivor
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